# Code conventions
## Patterns in code
@ means "fetch". Its presence in a word indicate that we fetch a value from
! means "store", the opposite of "fetch".
, means "write", that is, storing a value to "here" and increment here by that
Those symbols above are sometimes accompanied by letters such as "c" (character)
or "w" (word), which means that instead of being 4 bytes wide (the default
width everywhere), it's 1 or 2 bytes wide.
' means "address of".
. means "print".
_ means "anonymous definitions" that are meant to be used locally and once.
_ as a prefix indicates a private word that is meant to be only used in the
context of the local unit.
? at the beginning of the word means "maybe we'll do it maybe we won't". For
example, "?dup" is meant as "maybe dup".
? at the end of a word indicate a yes/no answer. For example, "ws?" means "is
it a whitespace?".
^ means "opposite order". For now, it's only used in "-^" as a shortcut to
"swap -". Maybe we'll drop this...
 indicates a range. For example, "=" means "compare ranges for equality".
[ as a suffix indicates the beginning of a special interpretation of words. For
example, "foo scratch[" overrides the default scratchpad until "]scratch" is
] as a prefix indicates the end of a special interpretation loop.
( as a suffix indicates the beginning of a buffer. For example, "in(" is the
address of the first char of the input buffer in sys/rdln.
) as a prefix indicates the end of a buffer, exclusively. For example, ")in c@"
is an out- of bounds fetch. ")in 1- c@" fetches the last char of the buffer.
> has ambiguous meaning. It's generally meant as "movement" or
"transformation". ">r" means "move element from PS to RS" and ">str" means
"transform a range into a string".
(words), that is, words inside parens, are "false words", that is, words that
you aren't expected to call directly, but rather to compile in a special
context. For example, calling "(?br)" makes no sense. "(?br)" is compiled by