annotatec/lang.y -rw-r--r-- 16.4 KiB View raw
                                                                                
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%{
#define YYDEBUG 1
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "parse.h"

int yyerror(char *);
int yylex(void);

extern char *filename, *original_filename;
%}

%union {
	int token;
	char *sval;
	struct strloc strloc;
	struct strloc_list *strloc_list;
}

/* keywords: control flow */
%token CZ_BREAK CZ_CASE CZ_CONTINUE CZ_DEFAULT CZ_DO CZ_ELSE CZ_FOR CZ_GOTO
%token CZ_IF CZ_RETURN CZ_SWITCH CZ_WHILE
/* keywords: basic types */
%token CZ_CHAR CZ_ENUM CZ_DOUBLE CZ_FLOAT CZ_INT CZ_LONG CZ_SHORT CZ_STRUCT
%token CZ_TYPEDEF CZ_UNION CZ_VOID
/* keywords: type qualifiers */
%token CZ_AUTO CZ_CONST CZ_EXTERN CZ_INLINE CZ_REGISTER CZ_RESTRICT CZ_SIGNED
%token CZ_STATIC CZ_UNSIGNED CZ_VOLATILE
/* keywords: misc */
%token CZ_SIZEOF
%token CZ_ALIGNAS CZ_ALIGNOF CZ_ATOMIC CZ_BOOL CZ_COMPLEX CZ_GENERIC
%token CZ_IMAGINARY CZ_NORETURN CZ_STATIC_ASSERT CZ_THREAD_LOCAL
/* punctuators
 * note: single-character tokens use their ascii equivalent, and diagraphs are
 * translated into their normalized equivalent by the lexer.
 */
%token CZ_PTR_DEREF CZ_INCREMENT CZ_DECREMENT CZ_LSHIFT CZ_RSHIFT
%token CZ_GTR_EQL CZ_LESS_EQL CZ_EQUAL CZ_NEQUAL CZ_LAND CZ_LOR
%token CZ_MUL_ASSIGN CZ_DIV_ASSIGN CZ_MOD_ASSIGN CZ_ADD_ASSIGN CZ_SUB_ASSIGN
%token CZ_LSHIFT_ASSIGN CZ_RSHIFT_ASSIGN
%token CZ_BAND_ASSIGN CZ_BXOR_ASSIGN CZ_BOR_ASSIGN
/* other tokens */
%token<strloc> CZ_IDENTIFIER
%token CZ_CONSTANT
%token<sval> CZ_STRING_LITERAL
%token CZ_ELLIPSIS
/* C O N T E X T */
%token TYPEDEF_NAME ENUMERATION_CONSTANT
/* tokens for reverse parsing */
%token CZ_ONELINE_COMMENT CZ_MULTILINE_COMMENT CZ_WHITESPACE
/* implementation details */
%token CZ_BUILTIN_VA_LIST CZ_BUILTIN_VA_ARG CZ_BUILTIN_VA_COPY
/* GNU extensions (fuck you GNU) */
%token CZ_GNU_ATTRIBUTE CZ_GNU_ASM

%type<strloc> declarator base_declarator direct_declarator init_declarator;
%type<strloc> primary_expression postfix_expression;
%type<strloc_list> init_declarator_list;
%type<token> storage_class_specifier declaration_specifiers;
%type<sval> string_literal;

%start program

%%

program
	: {
		fprintf(stderr, "Error: empty source file\n");
	}
	| translation_unit
	;

string_literal
	: CZ_STRING_LITERAL
	| string_literal CZ_STRING_LITERAL {
		$$ = calloc(strlen($1) + strlen($2) + 1, 1);
		strcpy($$, $1);
		strcat($$, $2);
	}
	;

primary_expression
	: CZ_IDENTIFIER
	| constant {
		$$.name = NULL;
	}
	| string_literal {
		$$.name = NULL;
	}
	| '(' expression ')' {
		$$.name = NULL;
	}
	| generic_selection {
		$$.name = NULL;
	}
	| CZ_BUILTIN_VA_ARG '(' CZ_IDENTIFIER ',' type_name ')' {
		$$.name = NULL;
	}
	;

constant
	: CZ_CONSTANT
	| ENUMERATION_CONSTANT
	;

enumeration_constant
	: CZ_IDENTIFIER
	;

generic_selection
	: CZ_GENERIC '(' assignment_expression ',' generic_assoc_list ')'
	;

generic_assoc_list
	: generic_association
	| generic_assoc_list ',' generic_association
	;

generic_association
	: type_name ':' assignment_expression
	| CZ_DEFAULT ':' assignment_expression
	;

postfix_expression
	: primary_expression
	| postfix_expression '[' expression ']'
	| postfix_expression '(' ')' {
		if ($1.name && strcmp(filename, original_filename) == 0) {
			reference_symbol(&graph, current_source,
				$1.name, $1.lineno, $1.colno);
		}
	}
	| postfix_expression '(' argument_expression_list ')' {
		if ($$.name && strcmp(filename, original_filename) == 0) {
			reference_symbol(&graph, current_source,
				$1.name, $1.lineno, $1.colno);
		}
	}
	| postfix_expression '.' CZ_IDENTIFIER
	| postfix_expression CZ_PTR_DEREF CZ_IDENTIFIER
	| postfix_expression CZ_INCREMENT
	| postfix_expression CZ_DECREMENT
	| '(' type_name ')' '{' initializer_list '}' {
		$$.name = NULL;
	}
	| '(' type_name ')' '{' initializer_list ',' '}' {
		$$.name = NULL;
	}
	;

argument_expression_list
	: assignment_expression
	| argument_expression_list ',' assignment_expression
	;

unary_expression
	: postfix_expression
	| CZ_INCREMENT unary_expression
	| CZ_DECREMENT unary_expression
	| unary_operator cast_expression
	| CZ_SIZEOF unary_expression
	| CZ_SIZEOF '(' type_name ')'
	| CZ_ALIGNOF '(' type_name ')'
	;

unary_operator
	: '&'
	| '*'
	| '+'
	| '-'
	| '~'
	| '!'
	;

cast_expression
	: unary_expression
	| '(' type_name ')' cast_expression
	;

multiplicative_expression
	: cast_expression
	| multiplicative_expression '*' cast_expression
	| multiplicative_expression '/' cast_expression
	| multiplicative_expression '%' cast_expression
	;

additive_expression
	: multiplicative_expression
	| additive_expression '+' multiplicative_expression
	| additive_expression '-' multiplicative_expression
	;

shift_expression
	: additive_expression
	| shift_expression CZ_LSHIFT additive_expression
	| shift_expression CZ_RSHIFT additive_expression
	;

relational_expression
	: shift_expression
	| relational_expression '<' shift_expression
	| relational_expression '>' shift_expression
	| relational_expression CZ_LESS_EQL shift_expression
	| relational_expression CZ_GTR_EQL shift_expression
	;

equality_expression
	: relational_expression
	| equality_expression CZ_EQUAL relational_expression
	| equality_expression CZ_NEQUAL relational_expression
	;

and_expression
	: equality_expression
	| and_expression '&' equality_expression
	;

exclusive_or_expression
	: and_expression
	| exclusive_or_expression '^' and_expression
	;

inclusive_or_expression
	: exclusive_or_expression
	| inclusive_or_expression '|' exclusive_or_expression
	;

logical_and_expression
	: inclusive_or_expression
	| logical_and_expression CZ_LAND inclusive_or_expression
	;

logical_or_expression
	: logical_and_expression
	| logical_or_expression CZ_LOR logical_and_expression
	;

conditional_expression
	: logical_or_expression
	| logical_or_expression '?' expression ':' conditional_expression
	;

assignment_expression
	: conditional_expression
	| unary_expression assignment_operator assignment_expression
	;

assignment_operator
	: '='
	| CZ_MUL_ASSIGN
	| CZ_DIV_ASSIGN
	| CZ_MOD_ASSIGN
	| CZ_ADD_ASSIGN
	| CZ_SUB_ASSIGN
	| CZ_LSHIFT_ASSIGN
	| CZ_RSHIFT_ASSIGN
	| CZ_BAND_ASSIGN
	| CZ_BXOR_ASSIGN
	| CZ_BOR_ASSIGN
	;

expression
	: assignment_expression
	| expression ',' assignment_expression
	| gnu_inline_asm_expression
	;

constant_expression
	: conditional_expression	/* with constraints */
	;

declaration
	: declaration_specifiers ';'
	| declaration_specifiers init_declarator_list ';' {
		if ($1 == CZ_TYPEDEF) {
			struct strloc_list *list = $2, *next;
			while (list) {
				struct typedef_declaration *td =
					calloc(1, sizeof(struct typedef_declaration));
				td->name = list->strloc.name;
				td->lineno = list->strloc.lineno;
				td->colno = list->strloc.colno;
				td->next = current_source->typedefs;
				current_source->typedefs = td;
				next = list->next;
				free(list);
				list = next;
			}
		}
	}
	| static_assert_declaration
	;

declaration_specifiers
	: storage_class_specifier declaration_specifiers
	| storage_class_specifier
	| type_specifier declaration_specifiers { $$ = 0; }
	| type_specifier { $$ = 0; }
	| type_qualifier declaration_specifiers { $$ = 0; }
	| type_qualifier { $$ = 0; }
	| function_specifier declaration_specifiers { $$ = 0; }
	| function_specifier { $$ = 0; }
	| alignment_specifier declaration_specifiers { $$ = 0; }
	| alignment_specifier { $$ = 0; }
	| gnu_attribute_specifiers declaration_specifiers { $$ = 0; }
	| gnu_attribute_specifiers { $$ = 0; }
	;

init_declarator_list
	: init_declarator {
		$$ = calloc(1, sizeof(struct strloc_list));
		$$->strloc = $1;
	}
	| init_declarator_list ',' init_declarator {
		$$ = calloc(1, sizeof(struct strloc_list));
		$$->next = $1;
		$$->strloc = $3;
	}
	;

init_declarator
	: declarator '=' initializer
	| declarator
	;

storage_class_specifier
	: CZ_TYPEDEF { $$ = CZ_TYPEDEF; }
	| CZ_EXTERN { $$ = CZ_EXTERN; }
	| CZ_STATIC { $$ = CZ_STATIC; }
	| CZ_THREAD_LOCAL { $$ = CZ_THREAD_LOCAL; }
	| CZ_AUTO { $$ = CZ_AUTO; }
	| CZ_REGISTER { $$ = CZ_REGISTER; }
	;

type_specifier
	: CZ_VOID
	| CZ_CHAR
	| CZ_SHORT
	| CZ_INT
	| CZ_LONG
	| CZ_FLOAT
	| CZ_DOUBLE
	| CZ_SIGNED
	| CZ_UNSIGNED
	| CZ_BOOL
	| CZ_COMPLEX
	| CZ_IMAGINARY
	| CZ_BUILTIN_VA_LIST
	| atomic_type_specifier
	| struct_or_union_specifier
	| enum_specifier
	| TYPEDEF_NAME
	;

struct_or_union_specifier
	: struct_or_union '{' struct_declaration_list '}'
	| struct_or_union CZ_IDENTIFIER '{' struct_declaration_list '}'
	| struct_or_union CZ_IDENTIFIER
	;

struct_or_union
	: CZ_STRUCT
	| CZ_UNION
	;

struct_declaration_list
	: struct_declaration
	| struct_declaration_list struct_declaration
	;

struct_declaration
	: specifier_qualifier_list ';'	/* for anonymous struct/union */
	| specifier_qualifier_list struct_declarator_list ';'
	| static_assert_declaration
	;

specifier_qualifier_list
	: type_specifier specifier_qualifier_list
	| type_specifier
	| type_qualifier specifier_qualifier_list
	| type_qualifier
	;

struct_declarator_list
	: struct_declarator
	| struct_declarator_list ',' struct_declarator
	;

struct_declarator
	: ':' constant_expression
	| declarator ':' constant_expression
	| declarator
	;

enum_specifier
	: CZ_ENUM '{' enumerator_list '}'
	| CZ_ENUM '{' enumerator_list ',' '}'
	| CZ_ENUM CZ_IDENTIFIER '{' enumerator_list '}'
	| CZ_ENUM CZ_IDENTIFIER '{' enumerator_list ',' '}'
	| CZ_ENUM CZ_IDENTIFIER
	;

enumerator_list
	: enumerator
	| enumerator_list ',' enumerator
	;

enumerator	/* identifiers must be flagged as ENUMERATION_CONSTANT */
	: enumeration_constant '=' constant_expression
	| enumeration_constant
	;

atomic_type_specifier
	: CZ_ATOMIC '(' type_name ')'
	;

type_qualifier
	: CZ_CONST
	| CZ_RESTRICT
	| CZ_VOLATILE
	| CZ_ATOMIC
	;

function_specifier
	: CZ_INLINE
	| CZ_NORETURN
	;

alignment_specifier
	: CZ_ALIGNAS '(' type_name ')'
	| CZ_ALIGNAS '(' constant_expression ')'
	;

declarator
	: base_declarator
	| base_declarator gnu_inline_asm_expression
	| base_declarator gnu_attribute_specifiers
	| base_declarator gnu_inline_asm_expression gnu_attribute_specifiers
	| base_declarator gnu_attribute_specifiers gnu_inline_asm_expression 
	| gnu_attribute_specifiers base_declarator { $$ = $2; }
	| gnu_attribute_specifiers base_declarator gnu_inline_asm_expression {
		$$ = $2;
	}
	;

base_declarator
	: pointer direct_declarator {
		$$ = $2;
	}
	| direct_declarator
	;

direct_declarator
	: CZ_IDENTIFIER
	| '(' declarator ')' {
		$$ = $2;
	}
	| direct_declarator '[' ']'
	| direct_declarator '[' '*' ']'
	| direct_declarator '[' CZ_STATIC type_qualifier_list assignment_expression ']'
	| direct_declarator '[' CZ_STATIC assignment_expression ']'
	| direct_declarator '[' type_qualifier_list '*' ']'
	| direct_declarator '[' type_qualifier_list CZ_STATIC assignment_expression ']'
	| direct_declarator '[' type_qualifier_list assignment_expression ']'
	| direct_declarator '[' type_qualifier_list ']'
	| direct_declarator '[' assignment_expression ']'
	| direct_declarator '(' parameter_type_list ')'
	| direct_declarator '(' ')'
	| direct_declarator '(' identifier_list ')'
	;

pointer
	: '*' type_qualifier_list pointer
	| '*' type_qualifier_list
	| '*' pointer
	| '*'
	| '*' gnu_attribute_specifiers type_qualifier_list pointer
	| '*' gnu_attribute_specifiers pointer
	| '*' gnu_attribute_specifiers
	;

type_qualifier_list
	: type_qualifier
	| type_qualifier_list type_qualifier
	;


parameter_type_list
	: parameter_list ',' CZ_ELLIPSIS
	| parameter_list
	;

parameter_list
	: parameter_declaration
	| parameter_list ',' parameter_declaration
	;

parameter_declaration
	: declaration_specifiers declarator
	| declaration_specifiers abstract_declarator
	| declaration_specifiers
	;

identifier_list
	: CZ_IDENTIFIER
	| identifier_list ',' CZ_IDENTIFIER
	;

type_name
	: specifier_qualifier_list abstract_declarator
	| specifier_qualifier_list
	;

abstract_declarator
	: pointer direct_abstract_declarator
	| pointer
	| direct_abstract_declarator
	;

direct_abstract_declarator
	: '(' abstract_declarator ')'
	| '[' ']'
	| '[' '*' ']'
	| '[' CZ_STATIC type_qualifier_list assignment_expression ']'
	| '[' CZ_STATIC assignment_expression ']'
	| '[' type_qualifier_list CZ_STATIC assignment_expression ']'
	| '[' type_qualifier_list assignment_expression ']'
	| '[' type_qualifier_list ']'
	| '[' assignment_expression ']'
	| direct_abstract_declarator '[' ']'
	| direct_abstract_declarator '[' '*' ']'
	| direct_abstract_declarator '[' CZ_STATIC type_qualifier_list assignment_expression ']'
	| direct_abstract_declarator '[' CZ_STATIC assignment_expression ']'
	| direct_abstract_declarator '[' type_qualifier_list assignment_expression ']'
	| direct_abstract_declarator '[' type_qualifier_list CZ_STATIC assignment_expression ']'
	| direct_abstract_declarator '[' type_qualifier_list ']'
	| direct_abstract_declarator '[' assignment_expression ']'
	| '(' ')'
	| '(' parameter_type_list ')'
	| direct_abstract_declarator '(' ')'
	| direct_abstract_declarator '(' parameter_type_list ')'
	;

initializer
	: '{' initializer_list '}'
	| '{' initializer_list ',' '}'
	| assignment_expression
	;

initializer_list
	: designation initializer
	| initializer
	| initializer_list ',' designation initializer
	| initializer_list ',' initializer
	;

designation
	: designator_list '='
	;

designator_list
	: designator
	| designator_list designator
	;

designator
	: '[' constant_expression ']'
	| '.' CZ_IDENTIFIER
	;

static_assert_declaration
	: CZ_STATIC_ASSERT '(' constant_expression ',' string_literal ')' ';'
	;

statement
	: labeled_statement
	| compound_statement
	| expression_statement
	| selection_statement
	| iteration_statement
	| jump_statement
	;

labeled_statement
	: CZ_IDENTIFIER ':' statement
	| CZ_CASE constant_expression ':' statement
	| CZ_DEFAULT ':' statement
	;

compound_statement
	: '{' '}'
	| '{'  block_item_list '}'
	;

block_item_list
	: block_item
	| block_item_list block_item
	;

block_item
	: declaration
	| statement
	;

expression_statement
	: ';'
	| expression ';'
	;

selection_statement
	: CZ_IF '(' expression ')' statement CZ_ELSE statement
	| CZ_IF '(' expression ')' statement
	| CZ_SWITCH '(' expression ')' statement
	;

iteration_statement
	: CZ_WHILE '(' expression ')' statement
	| CZ_DO statement CZ_WHILE '(' expression ')' ';'
	| CZ_FOR '(' expression_statement expression_statement ')' statement
	| CZ_FOR '(' expression_statement expression_statement expression ')' statement
	| CZ_FOR '(' declaration expression_statement ')' statement
	| CZ_FOR '(' declaration expression_statement expression ')' statement
	;

jump_statement
	: CZ_GOTO CZ_IDENTIFIER ';'
	| CZ_CONTINUE ';'
	| CZ_BREAK ';'
	| CZ_RETURN ';'
	| CZ_RETURN expression ';'
	;

translation_unit
	: external_declaration
	| translation_unit external_declaration
	;

external_declaration
	: function_definition
	| declaration
	;

function_definition
	: declaration_specifiers declarator declaration_list compound_statement {
		if (!filename || strcmp(filename, original_filename) == 0) {
			define_symbol(&graph, current_source, $2.name,
				$1 == CZ_STATIC, $2.lineno, $2.colno);
		}
	}
	| declaration_specifiers declarator compound_statement {
		if (!filename || strcmp(filename, original_filename) == 0) {
			define_symbol(&graph, current_source, $2.name,
				$1 == CZ_STATIC, $2.lineno, $2.colno);
		}
	}
	;

declaration_list
	: declaration
	| declaration_list declaration
	;

gnu_attribute_specifiers /* GNU sucks */
	: CZ_GNU_ATTRIBUTE '(' '(' ')' ')'
	| CZ_GNU_ATTRIBUTE '(' '(' gnu_attribute_list ')' ')'
	| gnu_attribute_specifiers gnu_attribute_specifiers
	;

gnu_attribute_specifier
	: postfix_expression
	| type_specifier
	;

gnu_attribute_list
	: gnu_attribute_specifier
	| gnu_attribute_list ',' gnu_attribute_specifier
	;

gnu_inline_asm_expression
	: CZ_GNU_ASM '(' gnu_inline_asm ')'
	| CZ_GNU_ASM gnu_asm_qualifiers '(' gnu_inline_asm ')'
	;

gnu_asm_qualifiers
	: CZ_VOLATILE
	| CZ_INLINE
	| CZ_GOTO
	;

gnu_inline_asm
	: string_literal
	| string_literal ':'
	| string_literal ':' gnu_asm_output_operands
	| string_literal ':' gnu_asm_output_operands ':'
	| string_literal ':' gnu_asm_output_operands ':' gnu_asm_input_operands ':' gnu_asm_clobbers
	| string_literal ':' gnu_asm_output_operands ':' gnu_asm_input_operands ':' gnu_asm_clobbers ':'
	| string_literal ':' gnu_asm_output_operands ':' gnu_asm_input_operands ':' gnu_asm_clobbers ':' gnu_asm_goto_labels
	;

gnu_asm_output_operand
	: string_literal '(' CZ_IDENTIFIER ')'
	;

gnu_asm_output_operands
	: gnu_asm_output_operand
	| gnu_asm_output_operands ',' gnu_asm_output_operand
	;

gnu_asm_input_operand
	: string_literal '(' expression ')'
	;

gnu_asm_input_operands
	: gnu_asm_input_operand
	| gnu_asm_input_operands ',' gnu_asm_input_operand
	;

gnu_asm_clobbers
	: string_literal
	| gnu_asm_clobbers ',' string_literal
	;

gnu_asm_goto_labels
	: CZ_IDENTIFIER
	| gnu_asm_goto_labels ',' CZ_IDENTIFIER
	;