.TH DWM 1 dwm\-VERSION
dwm \- dynamic window manager
.RB [ \-v ]
dwm is a dynamic window manager for X. It manages windows in tiled, monocle
and floating layouts. Either layout can be applied dynamically, optimising the
environment for the application in use and the task performed.
In tiled layouts windows are managed in a master and stacking area. The master
area on the left contains one window by default, and the stacking area on the
right contains all other windows. The number of master area windows can be
adjusted from zero to an arbitrary number. In monocle layout all windows are
maximised to the screen size. In floating layout windows can be resized and
moved freely. Dialog windows are always managed floating, regardless of the
Windows are grouped by tags. Each window can be tagged with one or multiple
tags. Selecting certain tags displays all windows with these tags.
Each screen contains a small status bar which displays all available tags, the
layout, the title of the focused window, and the text read from the root window
name property, if the screen is focused. A floating window is indicated with an
empty square and a maximised floating window is indicated with a filled square
before the windows title. The selected tags are indicated with a different
color. The tags of the focused window are indicated with a filled square in the
top left corner. The tags which are applied to one or more windows are
indicated with an empty square in the top left corner.
dwm draws a small border around windows to indicate the focus state.
On start, dwm can start additional programs that may be specified in two special
shell scripts (see the FILES section below), autostart_blocking.sh and
autostart.sh. The former is executed first and dwm will wait for its
termination before starting. The latter is executed in the background before
dwm enters its handler loop.
Either of these files may be omitted.
prints version information to stderr, then exits.
.SS Status bar
.B X root window name
is read and displayed in the status text area. It can be set with the
.BR xsetroot (1)
click on a tag label to display all windows with that tag, click on the layout
label toggles between tiled and floating layout.
click on a tag label adds/removes all windows with that tag to/from the view.
click on a tag label applies that tag to the focused window.
click on a tag label adds/removes that tag to/from the focused window.
.SS Keyboard commands
for launching other programs.
Focus previous screen, if any.
Focus next screen, if any.
Send focused window to previous screen, if any.
Send focused window to next screen, if any.
Toggles bar on and off.
Sets tiled layout.
Sets floating layout.
Sets monocle layout.
Toggles between current and previous layout.
Focus next window.
Focus previous window.
Increase number of windows in master area.
Decrease number of windows in master area.
Increase master area size.
Decrease master area size.
Zooms/cycles focused window to/from master area (tiled layouts only).
Close focused window.
Toggle focused window between tiled and floating state.
Toggles to the previously selected tags.
Apply nth tag to focused window.
Apply all tags to focused window.
Add/remove nth tag to/from focused window.
View all windows with nth tag.
View all windows with any tag.
Add/remove all windows with nth tag to/from the view.
.SS Mouse commands
Move focused window while dragging. Tiled windows will be toggled to the floating state.
Toggles focused window between floating and tiled state.
Resize focused window while dragging. Tiled windows will be toggled to the floating state.
The files containing programs to be started along with dwm are searched for in
the following directories:
.IP "1. $XDG_DATA_HOME/dwm"
.IP "2. $HOME/.local/share/dwm"
.IP "3. $HOME/.dwm"
The first existing directory is scanned for any of the autostart files below.
This file is started as a shell background process before dwm enters its handler
This file is started before any autostart.sh; dwm waits for its termination.
dwm is customized by creating a custom config.h and (re)compiling the source
code. This keeps it fast, secure and simple.
.SH SEE ALSO
.BR dmenu (1),
.BR st (1)
Java applications which use the XToolkit/XAWT backend may draw grey windows
only. The XToolkit/XAWT backend breaks ICCCM-compliance in recent JDK 1.5 and early
JDK 1.6 versions, because it assumes a reparenting window manager. Possible workarounds
are using JDK 1.4 (which doesn't contain the XToolkit/XAWT backend) or setting the
(to use the older Motif backend instead) or running
.B xprop -root -f _NET_WM_NAME 32a -set _NET_WM_NAME LG3D
.B wmname LG3D
(to pretend that a non-reparenting window manager is running that the
XToolkit/XAWT backend can recognize) or when using OpenJDK setting the environment variable
.BR _JAVA_AWT_WM_NONREPARENTING=1 .
Send all bug reports with a patch to email@example.com.