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Suckless music player
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                mus - A simple album playlist based music player
                ================================================

        Overview
        --------

A simple client/server music player consuming a plaintext album playlist.
As I primarly made it for myself, it only supports FLAC, Vorbis and Opus (for
now) on GNU/Linux and {Free,Net,Dragonfly}BSD, out of the box. It can work on
OpenBSD/MacOS by installing a port for flock(1).

mus is formed of four independant parts:
    * mus_daemon:
        Play albums from a playlist via mus_player.

    * mus_client:
        Send commands to the player and receive its answers, read or modify the
        playlist.

    * mus_album_* and fair_shuf:
        Optional album tools for random but fair album picking. These assume
        that the music arborescence is structured so that albums are at depth 2.

        This is the structure I use, for reference:
            Music
            ├── Black Sabbath
            │   ├── (1970-1) Black Sabbath
            │   └── (1970-2) Paranoid
            ├── Solstice
            │   └── (1995) Pray
            ├── Solstice (2)
            │   └── (1998) New Dark Age
            └── Uli Jon Roth
                └── (2000) Transcendental Sky Guitar
                    ├── Disc 1: The Phoenix
                    └── Disc 2: The Dragon

    * mus_player:
        The player doing all the job and answering to mus_client's commands.
        Supports replaygain and gapless playback. Limited to mono/stereo
        16 bits FLAC, Vorbis and Opus.

A lemonbar status script can be found at https://git.sr.ht/~q3cpma/dotfiles/tree/master/.config/lemonbar/mus_status.sh


        Dependencies and portability
        ----------------------------

In addition to everything specified by the latest POSIX, you'll need
the following for mus_player:
    * C11 compiler (build)
    * gperf (build)
    * pthread
    * libao
    * libflac (build, optional)
    * vorbisfile (build, optional), often part of the libvorbis package
    * opusfile (build, optional)

and some runtime dependencies:
    * GNU/Linux:
        ed(1) (POSIX requirement but often absent) and the util-linux package.

    * FreeBSD, NetBSD, DragonflyBSD:
        None.

    * OpenBSD:
        flock(1) from the port tree.

    * MacOS:
        flock(1) from somewhere (e.g. [1]) and a readlink implementation with
        the -f option (e.g. GNU readlink).

mus was tested on Gentoo GNU/Linux with:
    * /bin/awk -> busybox
        OK
    * /bin/awk -> mawk
        Works with mawk >= 20181114 (see [2]).
    * /bin/sh -> busybox
        OK
    * /bin/sh -> dash
        OK

[1] https://github.com/discoteq/flock
[2] https://github.com/ThomasDickey/original-mawk/issues/56


        Building and installation
        -------------------------

To build and install mus (default values shown); you'll have to specify a
different CC, since mus_player is C11:
    $ [CC=c99] [LTO=false] [NATIVE=false] [USE_FLAC=true] [USE_OGG_VORBIS=false] [USE_OGG_OPUS=false] ./build.sh
    # [DESTDIR=] [PREFIX=/usr/local] ./build.sh install

To install the optional album tools:
    # [DESTDIR=] [PREFIX=/usr/local] ./build.sh albumtools_install

To uninstall:
    # [DESTDIR=] [PREFIX=/usr/local] ./build.sh uninstall
    # [DESTDIR=] [PREFIX=/usr/local] ./build.sh albumtools_uninstall


        Usage examples
        --------------

Launch the server:
    $ mus_daemon [OPTIONS] &

If using the album tools, initialize the database:
    $ mus_album_db_create [MUSIC_DIRECTORY...]

And pick two albums, update the database and append them to the playlist:
    $ readlink -f album1/ album2/ | tr '\n' '\0' | xargs -0 mus_album_pick | mus_client pl_append

Same as above, without needing the album tools:
    $ readlink -f album1/ album2/ | mus_client pl_append

Append 100 random albums (mus_album_rand implicitely updates the database):
    $ mus_album_rand 100 | mus_client pl_append

Then you can issue commands via mus_client:
    $ mus_client pause_play
    $ mus_client album_next
    $ mus_client pl_edit
    ...


        Important environment variables
        -------------------------------

For mus:
    * MUS_PLAYLIST: defaults to $HOME/.config/mus/playlist
    * VISUAL or TERM and EDITOR: how to edit the playlist with
      `mus_client pl_edit`

For the album tools:
    * MUS_DB: defaults to ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME:-$HOME/.config}/mus/album_db
    * MUS_MUSIC_DIR: defaults to ~/Music


        Audio configuration tips and trivia
        -----------------------------------

Setting a libao config file can solve some usual problems like
`Unknown PCM cards.pcm.front` from ALSA:
    $ cat /etc/libao.conf
    # Avoid trying pulseaudio
    default_driver=alsa
    # Avoid problems with front being tried first
    dev=default

The default linear resampling algorithm of ALSA's dmix should be changed for
something better, see [1]:
    $ cat /etc/asound.conf
    # Use speexrate_best for entirely transparent resampling
    defaults.pcm.!rate_converter "speexrate_medium"

Even with the best hardware, your room is probably the biggest sound factor,
which is why room compensation is almost mandatory.
See DRC-FIR [2] [3] and Brutefir [4] [5] to solve the problem with free (and
mostly suckless) software.

[1] https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Talk:Advanced_Linux_Sound_Architecture#On_high_quality_resampling
[2] http://drc-fir.sourceforge.net
[3] http://drc-fir.sourceforge.net/doc/drc.html
[4] https://www.ludd.ltu.se/~torger/brutefir.html
[5] http://digitalroomcorrection.hk/http___www.digitalroomcorrection.hk_/BruteFIR.html