~prabhu/blint

BLint - The Binary Linter powered by Lief
0babea47 — Prabhu Subramanian 4 days ago
Symbols metadata enhancements
0a285ab0 — Prabhu Subramanian 4 days ago
Bug fix
e5bc7d4f — Prabhu Subramanian 4 days ago
Bug fix

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https://git.sr.ht/~prabhu/blint
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git@git.sr.ht:~prabhu/blint

You can also use your local clone with git send-email.

#Introduction

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BLint is a Binary Linter to check the security properties, and capabilities in your executables. It is powered by lief

BLint Demo

Supported binary formats:

  • ELF (GNU, musl)
  • PE (exe, dll)
  • Mach-O (x64, arm64)

You can run blint on Linux, Windows and Mac against any of these binary formats.

#Motivation

Nowadays, vendors distribute statically linked binaries produced by golang or rust or dotnet tooling. Users are used to running antivirus and anti-malware scans while using these binaries in their local devices. Blint augments these scans by listing the technical capabilities of a binary. For example, whether the binary could use network connections, or can perform file system operations and so on.

The binary is first parsed using lief framework to identify the various properties such as functions, static, and dynamic symbols present. Thanks to YAML based annotations data, this information could be matched against capabilities and presented visually using a rich table.

NOTE: The presence of capabilities doesn't imply that the operations are always performed by the binary. Use the output of this tool to get an idea about a binary. Also, this tool is not suitable to review malware and other heavily obfuscated binaries for obvious reasons.

#Use cases

  • Add blint to CI/CD to inspect the final binaries to ensure code signing or authenticode is applied correctly
  • Identify interesting functions and symbols for fuzzing
  • Blint was used at ShiftLeft to review the statically linked packages and optimize the distributed cli binary
  • Quickly identify malicious binaries by looking at their capabilities (Ability to manipulate networks or drivers or kernels etc)

#Installation

  • Install python 3.8 or 3.9
pip3 install blint

#Single binary releases

You can download single binary builds from the blint-bin releases. These executables should work with requiring python to be installed. The macOS .pkg file is signed with a valid developer account.

#Usage

usage: blint [-h] [-i SRC_DIR_IMAGE] [-o REPORTS_DIR] [--no-error] [--no-banner] [--no-reviews]

Linting tool for binary files powered by lief.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -i SRC_DIR_IMAGE, --src SRC_DIR_IMAGE
                        Source directory or container image or binary file
  -o REPORTS_DIR, --reports REPORTS_DIR
                        Reports directory
  --no-error            Continue on error to prevent build from breaking
  --no-banner           Do not display banner
  --no-reviews          Do not perform method reviews
  --suggest-fuzzable    Suggest functions and symbols for fuzzing based on a dictionary

To test any binary including default commands

blint -i /bin/netstat -o /tmp/blint

Use -i to check any other binary. For eg: to check ngrok

blint -i ~/ngrok -o /tmp/blint

Pass --suggest-fuzzable to get suggestions for fuzzing. A dictionary containing "common verbs" is used to identify these functions.

blint -i ~/ngrok -o /tmp/blint --suggest-fuzzable

PowerShell example

PowerShell

#Reports

Blint produces the following json artifacts in the reports directory:

  • blint-output.html - HTML output from the console logs
  • exename-metadata.json - Raw metadata about the parsed binary. Includes symbols, functions, and signature information
  • findings.json - Contains information from the security properties audit. Useful for CI/CD based integration
  • reviews.json - Contains information from the capability reviews. Useful for further analysis
  • fuzzables.json - Contains a suggested list of methods for fuzzing

#References