~nch/python-compiler

ref: 65f5fe2532efb3c91b750a30b5d37a518528bf4d python-compiler/test_compiler.py -rw-r--r-- 13.9 KiB View raw
65f5fe25 — nc add basic support for function calls 2 months ago
                                                                                
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#!/usr/bin/env python3
import unittest
from compiler import *
from collections.abc import Iterable
import textwrap
import os

class Var:
    def __init__(self, name):
        self.name = name

    def __hash__(self):
        return hash(self.name)

class TestCompiler(unittest.TestCase):
    # XXX: env can't be {} otherwise it doesn't reset the variable because python evals default values only at load
    def unify(self, a, b, env=None):
        env = {} if env is None else env
        def wlg(a, b, cond, then):
            if cond(a, b):
                return then(a, b)
            if cond(b, a):
                return then(b, a)
        def chase(v):
            if type(v) is Var:
                if v.name in env:
                    return chase(env[v.name])
            return v

        if type(a) != str and type(b) != str and isinstance(a, Iterable) and isinstance(b, Iterable):
            if len(a) != len(b):
                return None
            r = {}
            for x, y in zip(a, b):
                u = self.unify(x, y, env)
                if u is None:
                    return None
                else:
                    for k, v in u.items():
                        r[k] = v
            return r

        a = chase(a)
        b = chase(b)

        def assign_var(a, b):
            env[a.name] = b
            return env

        if wlg(a, b,
                lambda a, b: type(a) == Var and type(b) != Var,
                assign_var):
            return env
        if type(a) == type(b) == Var:
            return env

        if type(a) == Var and type(b) != Var:
            env[a] = b

        if a == b:
            return env

        return None

    def test_unify(self):
        self.assertNotEqual(self.unify(1, 1), None)
        self.assertEqual(self.unify(1, 2), None)
        self.assertEqual(self.unify(Var('a'), 2), {'a': 2})
        self.assertEqual(self.unify([1, Var('a'), 3], [1, 2, 3]), {'a': 2})
        self.assertEqual(self.unify([1, Var('a'), 2], [1, 2, 3]), None)
        # XXX: Doesn't work, because we chase down 'a' before 'b' is assigned...
        # need to backpropagate values if this is to work. This feature isn't really needed atm, though...
        # self.assertEqual(self.unify([1, Var('a'), 2], [1, Var('b'), Var('b')]), {'a': 2, 'b': 2})
        self.assertEqual(self.unify([('a', Var('x'), 'c'), ('d', Var('x'), 'f')],
                                    [('a', 'b', 'c'), ('d', 'b', 'f')]), {'x': 'b'})
        self.assertEqual(self.unify([('a', Var('x'), 'c'), ('d', Var('x'), 'f')],
                                    [('a', 'b', 'c'), ('d', 'e', 'f')]), None)

    def test_traverse_tree(self):
        import operator
        self.assertEqual(traverse_tree([1, 2, [3, 4, [5], 6]],
                                        operator.add,
                                        0,
                                        lambda x: x if type(x) == int else 0), 21)
        self.assertEqual(traverse_tree([1, 2, [3, 4, [5], 6]],
                                        operator.add,
                                        0,
                                        lambda x: x if type(x) == int and x % 2 == 0 else 0),
                                        12)

    def test_stream(self):
        s = Stream('''Some
text
on some lines''')
        self.assertEqual(s.row, 0)
        self.assertEqual(s.col, 0)

        s.i = 6
        self.assertEqual(s.row, 1)
        self.assertEqual(s.col, 2)

    def test_identifier(self):
        self.assertEqual(parse('whee whoo', identifier), 'whee')
        self.assertEqual(parse('wh3e whoo', identifier), 'wh3e')

    def test_parse_number(self):
        self.assertEqual(parse('32 45', number), 32)
        self.assertEqual(parse('007', number), 7)
        self.assertEqual(parse('0x13', number), 0)

    def test_expr(self):
        self.assertEqual(parse('a=b', identifier), 'a')
        self.assertEqual(parse('a=b', expr), 'a')

    def test_stmt(self):
        self.assertEqual(parse('a=b\n', stmt), ['=', 'a', 'b'])
        self.assertEqual(parse('a(b)\n', stmt), ['call', 'a', ['b']])

    def test_function_call(self):
        self.assertEqual(parse('f(1)', function_call), ['call', 'f', [1]])
        self.assertEqual(parse('f(2, x)', function_call), ['call', 'f', [2, 'x']])
        self.assertEqual(parse('fcall(g(x), 2)', function_call), ['call', 'fcall', [['call', 'g', ['x']], 2]])

    def test_assign_stmt(self):
        self.assertEqual(parse('a = b', assign_stmt_body), ['=', 'a', 'b'])
        self.assertEqual(parse('a = f(b, 1)', assign_stmt_body), ['=', 'a', ['call', 'f', ['b', 1]]])

    def test_return_stmt(self):
        self.assertEqual(parse('return 3', return_stmt_body), ['return', 3])
        self.assertEqual(parse('return f(3, 4)', return_stmt_body), ['return', ['call', 'f', [3, 4]]])

    def test_parse_identifier(self):
        with self.assertRaises(Exception) as e:
            parse('32 45', identifier)
        self.assertTrue(str(e.exception).startswith('1:1: expected one of'), f"got: '{e.exception}'")

        self.assertEqual(parse('l33t c0d3r', identifier), 'l33t')
        self.assertEqual(parse('val+34', identifier), 'val')

    @unittest.skip("broken until parsing indentation works")
    def test_parse_block(self):
        r = parse(textwrap.dedent(
                    '''\
                    a
                        b
                    c'''), seq(identifier, block))
        self.assertEqual(r, ['a', ['b']])

        print('--')
        self.assertEqual(parse('\n  return 1', block, debug=True),
                ['if', 'true', [['call', 'a', [2]]], 'else', [['call', 'a', [1]]]])


    @unittest.skip("broken until parsing indentation works")
    def test_if(self):
        self.assertEqual(parse(textwrap.dedent(
                        '''\
                        if true:
                            print(2)
                            print(3)
                        else:
                            return 1
                            return 2
                        blah_blah()
                        '''), if_stmt),
                        ('if', 'true',
                            [['call', 'print', [2]],
                             ['call', 'print', [3]]],
                            [['return', 1],
                             ['return', 2]]))

        self.assertEqual(parse(textwrap.dedent(
                        '''\
                        if true:
                            print(2)
                            if true:
                                print(2)
                            else:
                                return false
                            print(2)
                        else:
                            return 1
                        '''), if_stmt, debug=True),
                        ('if', 'true',
                            [['call', 'print', [2]],
                            ('if', 'true',
                                [['call', 'print', [2]]],
                                [['return', 'false']])],
                            [['return', 1]]))

    def test_block(self):
        b1 = Block('a', 'b', 'c')
        self.assertEqual(b1, ['a', 'b', 'c'])

        b2 = Block('a', Block('b'), 'c')
        self.assertEqual(b2, ['a', 'b', 'c'])

    def test_nodeclass(self):
        A = nodeclass('A', 'a,b,c')
        a = A(1,2,3)
        self.assertEqual(a.a, 1)
        self.assertEqual(a.b, 2)
        self.assertEqual(a.c, 3)
        self.assertEqual(a[0], 1)
        self.assertEqual(a[1], 2)
        self.assertEqual(a[2], 3)

        B = nodeclass('B', 'a _ c', [None, 5])
        b = B(1, 3)
        self.assertEqual(b.a, 1)
        self.assertEqual(b.c, 3)
        self.assertEqual(b[0], 1)
        self.assertEqual(b[1], 5)
        self.assertEqual(b[2], 3)

        C = nodeclass('C', 'a b c *z')
        c = C(1,2,3)
        self.assertEqual(c.a, 1)
        self.assertEqual(c.b, 2)
        self.assertEqual(c.c, 3)
        self.assertEqual(c.z, ())
        self.assertEqual(c[0], 1)
        self.assertEqual(c[1], 2)
        self.assertEqual(c[2], 3)

        D = nodeclass('D', 'a _ c *z', [None, 44])
        d = D(1, 3, 4, 5, 6)
        self.assertEqual(d.a, 1)
        self.assertEqual(d.c, 3)
        self.assertEqual(d.z, (4,5,6))
        self.assertEqual(d[0], 1)
        self.assertEqual(d[1], 44)
        self.assertEqual(d[2], 3)
        self.assertEqual(d[3], 4)
        self.assertEqual(d[4], 5)
        self.assertEqual(d[5], 6)

        E = nodeclass('E', 'a *b')
        e = E(1,2,3)
        self.assertEqual(e.a, 1)
        self.assertEqual(e.b, (2,3))

    def test_normalize(self):
        tree1 = FunctionCall('a', 'b', 'c')
        self.assertEqual(normalize_expr(tree1)[0], ('a', 'b', 'c'))

        tree2 = FunctionCall('a', FunctionCall('b'), 'c')
        self.unify(normalize_stmt(tree2),
                [('=', Var('x'), ('b',)),
                 ('a', Var('x'), 'c')])

        tree3 = FunctionCall('a', FunctionCall('b', FunctionCall('x')), 'c')
        self.unify(normalize_stmt(tree3),
                [('=', Var('x'), ('x',)),
                 ('=', Var('y'), ('b', Var('x'))),
                 ('a', Var('y'), 'c')])

        tree4 = If(FunctionCall('b', FunctionCall('x')),
                   'c',
                   FunctionCall('d'))
        self.unify(normalize_stmt(tree4),
                [('=', Var('x'), ('x',)),
                 ('=', Var('y'), ('b', Var('x'))),
                 ('if', Var('y'), ['c'], [('d',)])])

        tree5 = Return(FunctionCall('a', FunctionCall('b')))
        self.unify(normalize_stmt(tree5),
                [('=', Var('x'), ('b',)),
                 ('=', Var('y'), ('a', Var('x'))),
                 ('return', Var('y'))])

        tree6 = Assign('x', FunctionCall('a', FunctionCall('b')))
        self.unify(normalize_stmt(tree6),
                [('=', Var('x'), ('b',)),
                 ('=', 'x', ('a', Var('x')))])

    def test_pack_modrm(self):
        import compiler
        def bin(x):
            return format(x, '#010b').replace('0b', '')
        self.assertEqual(bin(ord(compiler._pack_modrm(4, 2, '*+disp8'))), '01' '100' '010')
        self.assertEqual(bin(ord(compiler._pack_modrm(1, 1, '*'))),       '00' '001' '001')
        self.assertEqual(bin(ord(compiler._pack_modrm(7, 7, 'direct'))),  '11' '111' '111')

    def nasm_assemble(self, code: bytes):
        import tempfile
        import subprocess
        import binascii

        with tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile(delete=False) as f:
            f.write(b'BITS 64\n')
            f.write(code)

        p = subprocess.Popen(f'nasm -f bin -o {f.name}.out {f.name}'.split(),
                stdout = subprocess.PIPE,
                stderr = subprocess.PIPE)

        stdout, stderr = p.communicate()

        if stderr:
            raise Exception(stdout, stderr)

        with open(f'{f.name}.out', 'rb') as f:
            return f.read()

    def test_emit(self):
        # TODO: use property based testing to dynamically generate assembly and compare with nasm output

        # moves
        self.assertEqual(emit('mov rax rcx'), self.nasm_assemble(b'mov rax, rcx'))
        self.assertEqual(emit('mov rax', 8),  self.nasm_assemble(b'mov rax, 8'))
        self.assertEqual(emit('mov rax', ('rcx', 8)), self.nasm_assemble(b'mov rax, [rcx+8]'))
        self.assertEqual(emit('mov eax', ('ecx', 8)), self.nasm_assemble(b'mov eax, [ecx+8]'))
        self.assertEqual(emit('mov rax rcx'), b'\x48\x89\xc8')
        self.assertEqual(emit('mov eax ecx'), b'\x89\xc8')
        self.assertEqual(emit('mov rcx rax'), b'\x48\x89\xc1')
        self.assertEqual(emit('mov ecx eax'), b'\x89\xc1')

        # cmps
        self.assertEqual(emit('cmp eax ecx'), self.nasm_assemble(b'cmp ecx, eax'))
        self.assertEqual(emit('cmp rax rcx'), self.nasm_assemble(b'cmp rcx, rax'))
        self.assertEqual(emit('cmp eax', 3000), self.nasm_assemble(b'cmp eax, 3000'))
        self.assertEqual(emit('cmp rax', 3000), self.nasm_assemble(b'cmp rax, 3000'))

        # arithmetic
        self.assertEqual(emit('add eax ecx'), self.nasm_assemble(b'add eax, ecx'))

    def test_labels(self):
        r1 = []
        r1.append(emit('j l'))
        r1.append(emit('j l'))
        emit_label('l', r1)
        r1.append(emit('mov rax 1'))
        r1.append(emit('add eax eax'))
        r1.append(emit('j l'))
        self.assertEqual(pass2(r1), self.nasm_assemble(b'''
            jmp l
            jmp l
            l:
            mov eax, 1
            add eax, eax
            jmp l
        '''))

        r2 = []
        r2.append(emit('mov rax 1'))
        r2.append(emit('jne l'))
        r2.append(emit('jne l'))
        emit_label('l', r2)
        r2.append(emit('add eax eax'))
        r2.append(emit('cmp rax 2000'))
        r2.append(emit('jne l'))
        r2.append(emit('jne l'))
        self.assertEqual(pass2(r2), self.nasm_assemble(b'''
            mov eax, 1
            jne l
            jne l
            l:
            add eax, eax
            cmp rax, 2000
            jne l
            jne l
            '''))

    def test_codegen(self):
        '''
        g = []
        code_gen_module(
                [FunctionDef('main', [], Block())],
                g)
        '''

        g = []
        code_gen_module(
                [FunctionDef('main', [], Block(FunctionCall('f'))),
                 FunctionDef('f', [], Return (2))],
                g)
        self.assertEqual(self.execute_program(pass2(g)), 2)

    def execute_program(self, asm_bytes):
        with open('a.bin', 'wb') as f:
            f.write(write_elf(asm_bytes))
        os.system('chmod +x a.bin')
        r = os.system('./a.bin')
        return r >> 8

    def test_compiler(self):
        main = normalize_stmt(parse(textwrap.dedent(
        '''\
        if 1:
            7
        else:
            4
        '''), if_stmt))

        g = []
        code_gen_module([FunctionDef('main', [], main)], g)
        self.assertEqual(7, self.execute_program(pass2(g)))

import doctest
def load_tests(loader, tests, ignore):
    tests.addTests(doctest.DocTestSuite('compiler'))
    return tests

if __name__ == '__main__':
    unittest.main()