~ireas/nitrokey-rs

ref: 4c3b7f9513f136b058eda5ff927599907ddd68ed nitrokey-rs/src/auth.rs -rw-r--r-- 14.8 KiB
4c3b7f95Robin Krahl Update deprecated functions in readme 1 year, 1 month ago
                                                                                
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// Copyright (C) 2018-2019 Robin Krahl <robin.krahl@ireas.org>
// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT

use std::convert::TryInto as _;
use std::ffi::CString;
use std::marker;
use std::ops;
use std::os::raw::c_char;
use std::os::raw::c_int;

use crate::config::Config;
use crate::device::{Device, DeviceWrapper, Librem, Pro, Storage};
use crate::error::Error;
use crate::otp::{ConfigureOtp, GenerateOtp, OtpMode, OtpSlotData, RawOtpSlotData};
use crate::util::{generate_password, get_command_result, get_cstring, result_from_string};

static TEMPORARY_PASSWORD_LENGTH: usize = 25;

/// Provides methods to authenticate as a user or as an admin using a PIN.  The authenticated
/// methods will consume the current device instance.  On success, they return the authenticated
/// device.  Otherwise, they return the current unauthenticated device and the error code.
pub trait Authenticate<'a> {
    /// Performs user authentication.  This method consumes the device.  If successful, an
    /// authenticated device is returned.  Otherwise, the current unauthenticated device and the
    /// error are returned.
    ///
    /// This method generates a random temporary password that is used for all operations that
    /// require user access.
    ///
    /// # Errors
    ///
    /// - [`InvalidString`][] if the provided user password contains a null byte
    /// - [`RngError`][] if the generation of the temporary password failed
    /// - [`WrongPassword`][] if the provided user password is wrong
    ///
    /// # Example
    ///
    /// ```no_run
    /// use nitrokey::{Authenticate, DeviceWrapper, User};
    /// # use nitrokey::Error;
    ///
    /// fn perform_user_task<'a>(device: &User<'a, DeviceWrapper<'a>>) {}
    /// fn perform_other_task(device: &DeviceWrapper) {}
    ///
    /// # fn try_main() -> Result<(), Error> {
    /// let mut manager = nitrokey::take()?;
    /// let device = manager.connect()?;
    /// let device = match device.authenticate_user("123456") {
    ///     Ok(user) => {
    ///         perform_user_task(&user);
    ///         user.device()
    ///     },
    ///     Err((device, err)) => {
    ///         eprintln!("Could not authenticate as user: {}", err);
    ///         device
    ///     },
    /// };
    /// perform_other_task(&device);
    /// #     Ok(())
    /// # }
    /// ```
    ///
    /// [`InvalidString`]: enum.LibraryError.html#variant.InvalidString
    /// [`RngError`]: enum.CommandError.html#variant.RngError
    /// [`WrongPassword`]: enum.CommandError.html#variant.WrongPassword
    fn authenticate_user(self, password: &str) -> Result<User<'a, Self>, (Self, Error)>
    where
        Self: Device<'a> + Sized;

    /// Performs admin authentication.  This method consumes the device.  If successful, an
    /// authenticated device is returned.  Otherwise, the current unauthenticated device and the
    /// error are returned.
    ///
    /// This method generates a random temporary password that is used for all operations that
    /// require admin access.
    ///
    /// # Errors
    ///
    /// - [`InvalidString`][] if the provided admin password contains a null byte
    /// - [`RngError`][] if the generation of the temporary password failed
    /// - [`WrongPassword`][] if the provided admin password is wrong
    ///
    /// # Example
    ///
    /// ```no_run
    /// use nitrokey::{Authenticate, Admin, DeviceWrapper};
    /// # use nitrokey::Error;
    ///
    /// fn perform_admin_task<'a>(device: &Admin<'a, DeviceWrapper<'a>>) {}
    /// fn perform_other_task(device: &DeviceWrapper) {}
    ///
    /// # fn try_main() -> Result<(), Error> {
    /// let mut manager = nitrokey::take()?;
    /// let device = manager.connect()?;
    /// let device = match device.authenticate_admin("123456") {
    ///     Ok(admin) => {
    ///         perform_admin_task(&admin);
    ///         admin.device()
    ///     },
    ///     Err((device, err)) => {
    ///         eprintln!("Could not authenticate as admin: {}", err);
    ///         device
    ///     },
    /// };
    /// perform_other_task(&device);
    /// #     Ok(())
    /// # }
    /// ```
    ///
    /// [`InvalidString`]: enum.LibraryError.html#variant.InvalidString
    /// [`RngError`]: enum.CommandError.html#variant.RngError
    /// [`WrongPassword`]: enum.CommandError.html#variant.WrongPassword
    fn authenticate_admin(self, password: &str) -> Result<Admin<'a, Self>, (Self, Error)>
    where
        Self: Device<'a> + Sized;
}

trait AuthenticatedDevice<T> {
    fn new(device: T, temp_password: CString) -> Self;
}

/// A Nitrokey device with user authentication.
///
/// To obtain an instance of this struct, use the [`authenticate_user`][] method from the
/// [`Authenticate`][] trait.  To get back to an unauthenticated device, use the [`device`][]
/// method.
///
/// [`Authenticate`]: trait.Authenticate.html
/// [`authenticate_user`]: trait.Authenticate.html#method.authenticate_user
/// [`device`]: #method.device
#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct User<'a, T: Device<'a>> {
    device: T,
    temp_password: CString,
    marker: marker::PhantomData<&'a T>,
}

/// A Nitrokey device with admin authentication.
///
/// To obtain an instance of this struct, use the [`authenticate_admin`][] method from the
/// [`Authenticate`][] trait.  To get back to an unauthenticated device, use the [`device`][]
/// method.
///
/// [`Authenticate`]: trait.Authenticate.html
/// [`authenticate_admin`]: trait.Authenticate.html#method.authenticate_admin
/// [`device`]: #method.device
#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct Admin<'a, T: Device<'a>> {
    device: T,
    temp_password: CString,
    marker: marker::PhantomData<&'a T>,
}

fn authenticate<'a, D, A, T>(device: D, password: &str, callback: T) -> Result<A, (D, Error)>
where
    D: Device<'a>,
    A: AuthenticatedDevice<D>,
    T: Fn(*const c_char, *const c_char) -> c_int,
{
    let temp_password = match generate_password(TEMPORARY_PASSWORD_LENGTH) {
        Ok(temp_password) => temp_password,
        Err(err) => return Err((device, err)),
    };
    let password = match get_cstring(password) {
        Ok(password) => password,
        Err(err) => return Err((device, err)),
    };
    let password_ptr = password.as_ptr();
    let temp_password_ptr = temp_password.as_ptr();
    match callback(password_ptr, temp_password_ptr) {
        0 => Ok(A::new(device, temp_password)),
        rv => Err((device, Error::from(rv))),
    }
}

fn authenticate_user_wrapper<'a, T, C>(
    device: T,
    constructor: C,
    password: &str,
) -> Result<User<'a, DeviceWrapper<'a>>, (DeviceWrapper<'a>, Error)>
where
    T: Device<'a> + 'a,
    C: Fn(T) -> DeviceWrapper<'a>,
{
    let result = device.authenticate_user(password);
    match result {
        Ok(user) => Ok(User::new(constructor(user.device), user.temp_password)),
        Err((device, err)) => Err((constructor(device), err)),
    }
}

fn authenticate_admin_wrapper<'a, T, C>(
    device: T,
    constructor: C,
    password: &str,
) -> Result<Admin<'a, DeviceWrapper<'a>>, (DeviceWrapper<'a>, Error)>
where
    T: Device<'a> + 'a,
    C: Fn(T) -> DeviceWrapper<'a>,
{
    let result = device.authenticate_admin(password);
    match result {
        Ok(user) => Ok(Admin::new(constructor(user.device), user.temp_password)),
        Err((device, err)) => Err((constructor(device), err)),
    }
}

impl<'a, T: Device<'a>> User<'a, T> {
    /// Forgets the user authentication and returns an unauthenticated device.  This method
    /// consumes the authenticated device.  It does not perform any actual commands on the
    /// Nitrokey.
    pub fn device(self) -> T {
        self.device
    }
}

impl<'a, T: Device<'a>> ops::Deref for User<'a, T> {
    type Target = T;

    fn deref(&self) -> &Self::Target {
        &self.device
    }
}

impl<'a, T: Device<'a>> ops::DerefMut for User<'a, T> {
    fn deref_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T {
        &mut self.device
    }
}

impl<'a, T: Device<'a>> GenerateOtp for User<'a, T> {
    fn get_hotp_code(&mut self, slot: u8) -> Result<String, Error> {
        result_from_string(unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_get_hotp_code_PIN(slot, self.temp_password.as_ptr())
        })
    }

    fn get_totp_code(&self, slot: u8) -> Result<String, Error> {
        result_from_string(unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_get_totp_code_PIN(slot, 0, 0, 0, self.temp_password.as_ptr())
        })
    }
}

impl<'a, T: Device<'a>> AuthenticatedDevice<T> for User<'a, T> {
    fn new(device: T, temp_password: CString) -> Self {
        User {
            device,
            temp_password,
            marker: marker::PhantomData,
        }
    }
}

impl<'a, T: Device<'a>> ops::Deref for Admin<'a, T> {
    type Target = T;

    fn deref(&self) -> &Self::Target {
        &self.device
    }
}

impl<'a, T: Device<'a>> ops::DerefMut for Admin<'a, T> {
    fn deref_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T {
        &mut self.device
    }
}

impl<'a, T: Device<'a>> Admin<'a, T> {
    /// Forgets the user authentication and returns an unauthenticated device.  This method
    /// consumes the authenticated device.  It does not perform any actual commands on the
    /// Nitrokey.
    pub fn device(self) -> T {
        self.device
    }

    /// Writes the given configuration to the Nitrokey device.
    ///
    /// # Errors
    ///
    /// - [`InvalidSlot`][] if the provided Num Lock, Caps Lock or Scroll Lock slot is larger than
    ///   two
    ///
    /// # Example
    ///
    /// ```no_run
    /// use nitrokey::{Authenticate, Config};
    /// # use nitrokey::Error;
    ///
    /// # fn try_main() -> Result<(), Error> {
    /// let mut manager = nitrokey::take()?;
    /// let device = manager.connect()?;
    /// let config = Config::new(None, None, None, false);
    /// match device.authenticate_admin("12345678") {
    ///     Ok(mut admin) => {
    ///         admin.write_config(config);
    ///         ()
    ///     },
    ///     Err((_, err)) => eprintln!("Could not authenticate as admin: {}", err),
    /// };
    /// #     Ok(())
    /// # }
    /// ```
    ///
    /// [`InvalidSlot`]: enum.LibraryError.html#variant.InvalidSlot
    pub fn write_config(&mut self, config: Config) -> Result<(), Error> {
        get_command_result(unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_write_config_struct(config.try_into()?, self.temp_password.as_ptr())
        })
    }
}

impl<'a, T: Device<'a>> ConfigureOtp for Admin<'a, T> {
    fn write_hotp_slot(&mut self, data: OtpSlotData, counter: u64) -> Result<(), Error> {
        let raw_data = RawOtpSlotData::new(data)?;
        get_command_result(unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_write_hotp_slot(
                raw_data.number,
                raw_data.name.as_ptr(),
                raw_data.secret.as_ptr(),
                counter,
                raw_data.mode == OtpMode::EightDigits,
                raw_data.use_enter,
                raw_data.use_token_id,
                raw_data.token_id.as_ptr(),
                self.temp_password.as_ptr(),
            )
        })
    }

    fn write_totp_slot(&mut self, data: OtpSlotData, time_window: u16) -> Result<(), Error> {
        let raw_data = RawOtpSlotData::new(data)?;
        get_command_result(unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_write_totp_slot(
                raw_data.number,
                raw_data.name.as_ptr(),
                raw_data.secret.as_ptr(),
                time_window,
                raw_data.mode == OtpMode::EightDigits,
                raw_data.use_enter,
                raw_data.use_token_id,
                raw_data.token_id.as_ptr(),
                self.temp_password.as_ptr(),
            )
        })
    }

    fn erase_hotp_slot(&mut self, slot: u8) -> Result<(), Error> {
        get_command_result(unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_erase_hotp_slot(slot, self.temp_password.as_ptr())
        })
    }

    fn erase_totp_slot(&mut self, slot: u8) -> Result<(), Error> {
        get_command_result(unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_erase_totp_slot(slot, self.temp_password.as_ptr())
        })
    }
}

impl<'a, T: Device<'a>> AuthenticatedDevice<T> for Admin<'a, T> {
    fn new(device: T, temp_password: CString) -> Self {
        Admin {
            device,
            temp_password,
            marker: marker::PhantomData,
        }
    }
}

impl<'a> Authenticate<'a> for DeviceWrapper<'a> {
    fn authenticate_user(self, password: &str) -> Result<User<'a, Self>, (Self, Error)> {
        match self {
            DeviceWrapper::Librem(librem) => {
                authenticate_user_wrapper(librem, DeviceWrapper::Librem, password)
            }
            DeviceWrapper::Storage(storage) => {
                authenticate_user_wrapper(storage, DeviceWrapper::Storage, password)
            }
            DeviceWrapper::Pro(pro) => authenticate_user_wrapper(pro, DeviceWrapper::Pro, password),
        }
    }

    fn authenticate_admin(self, password: &str) -> Result<Admin<'a, Self>, (Self, Error)> {
        match self {
            DeviceWrapper::Librem(librem) => {
                authenticate_admin_wrapper(librem, DeviceWrapper::Librem, password)
            }
            DeviceWrapper::Storage(storage) => {
                authenticate_admin_wrapper(storage, DeviceWrapper::Storage, password)
            }
            DeviceWrapper::Pro(pro) => {
                authenticate_admin_wrapper(pro, DeviceWrapper::Pro, password)
            }
        }
    }
}

impl<'a> Authenticate<'a> for Librem<'a> {
    fn authenticate_user(self, password: &str) -> Result<User<'a, Self>, (Self, Error)> {
        authenticate(self, password, |password_ptr, temp_password_ptr| unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_user_authenticate(password_ptr, temp_password_ptr)
        })
    }

    fn authenticate_admin(self, password: &str) -> Result<Admin<'a, Self>, (Self, Error)> {
        authenticate(self, password, |password_ptr, temp_password_ptr| unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_first_authenticate(password_ptr, temp_password_ptr)
        })
    }
}

impl<'a> Authenticate<'a> for Pro<'a> {
    fn authenticate_user(self, password: &str) -> Result<User<'a, Self>, (Self, Error)> {
        authenticate(self, password, |password_ptr, temp_password_ptr| unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_user_authenticate(password_ptr, temp_password_ptr)
        })
    }

    fn authenticate_admin(self, password: &str) -> Result<Admin<'a, Self>, (Self, Error)> {
        authenticate(self, password, |password_ptr, temp_password_ptr| unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_first_authenticate(password_ptr, temp_password_ptr)
        })
    }
}

impl<'a> Authenticate<'a> for Storage<'a> {
    fn authenticate_user(self, password: &str) -> Result<User<'a, Self>, (Self, Error)> {
        authenticate(self, password, |password_ptr, temp_password_ptr| unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_user_authenticate(password_ptr, temp_password_ptr)
        })
    }

    fn authenticate_admin(self, password: &str) -> Result<Admin<'a, Self>, (Self, Error)> {
        authenticate(self, password, |password_ptr, temp_password_ptr| unsafe {
            nitrokey_sys::NK_first_authenticate(password_ptr, temp_password_ptr)
        })
    }
}