Neutral pronouns are similar to how they are in English. It is however mainly used in formal speech or formal writing. Using it on an one-on-one conversation implies either unfriendliness or distance.
Neutral pronouns can be pluralized by numerals and quantifiers as if they are nouns. Note that first plural personal pronoun is always exclusive.
Gendered pronouns are chiefly used among people who are equal and close to one another, but not blood-related.
|Person||Male||Female||Male (intimate)||Female (intimate)|
Note: "intimate" pronouns are used between lovers.
There is no gender-neutral pronouns in this category. Nonbinary people usually pick the one they're most comfortable with or invent neopronouns, though that meets several criticism from many linguistic purists. Another option for them is to use kinship pronouns, which include gender-neutral pronouns for sibling (though, not age-neutral).
There are not many non-familial hierarchies in Zì community, but the contrast in such relationships is showed clearly via pronouns. These pronouns lack third person pronoun. Hierarchical pronouns comes in pair, with one in the higher position and one in the lower:
One can be in several of these relationships at once. For example, one of the denizen can be the chieftain's teacher, in which case each party uses the lower pronoun for oneself and the higher for the other.
DjanZi numerals is biquinary.
To refer to number zero (0), one use the negation particle khan.
|16||ljá nǎ khì|
|17||ljá nǎ fwo|
|18||ljá nǎ sa|
|19||ljá nǎ bǔ|
|1048||hwèn khan sǎ bǔ lja nǎ sa|
10000 is a very big number already. In daily speech this number is synonymous with infinity. The next big word is cwé, 1000000000000 (trillion) if you really insist.
Conjunctions are words that connects two phrases to form some logical connection between them. Two conjunctions in a pair can switch place. Ones inside the parentheses in the below list can be omitted.
Adverbial particles indicates tenses and aspects.