~huyngo/djanzi

66ce50a7f5f0f6784554e424b8ed5e0ffd424fd2 — Ngô Ngọc Đức Huy 7 months ago a6ab86d
Update
3 files changed, 130 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

M src/phono.md
M src/pos.md
M src/writing.md
M src/phono.md => src/phono.md +2 -3
@@ 33,9 33,8 @@ There are five tones:

- mid level [33]: a
- low [21]: à
- falling [45] or [41]: â
- high [44]: á
- rising [324]: ǎ
- rising [324]: ǎ or â

## Phonotactics



@@ 49,7 48,7 @@ All syllables in DianZì follows C(W)V(N)T pattern, where:

/w/ cannot precedes /u/ and /j/ not /i/

There are thus 3910 possible syllables.
There are thus 3024 possible syllables.

## Romanization


M src/pos.md => src/pos.md +101 -22
@@ 104,37 104,116 @@ Note:
## Adjective
## Classifiers

- human
  - respectful
  - derogatory
  - diminutive
- animal
  - four-legged
  - winged
- plant
  - flower
  - fruit-like (fruit, ball, egg)
- thing
  - book-like (dictionary, newspaper)
  - blade-like (knife, scissor, sword)
  - street-like (river, stream)
  - yard-like (pond, lake)
  - very large (sky, ocean, forest)
  - house-like
  - clothes
- food
- abstract
- phenomenon
- human: ngan
  - respectful: nga
  - derogatory: ngǐ
  - diminutive: ngí
- animal: man
  - four-legged: khú
  - winged: tǐ
- plant: ci
  - flower: khje
  - fruit-like (fruit, ball, egg): khwi
- thing: kí
  - book-like (dictionary, newspaper): hin
  - blade-like (knife, scissor, sword): zé
  - street-like (river, stream): lwin
  - yard-like (pond, lake): son
  - very large (sky, ocean, forest): lon
  - house-like: ngwo
  - clothes: bù
- food: bá
- abstract: tjen
- phenomenon: mwan

## Numerals and Quantifiers

### Numeral

Biquinary
DjanZi numerals is biquinary.

To refer to number zero (0), one use the negation particle *khan*.

| Number | DjanZi     |
|--------|------------|
| 1      | khì        |
| 2      | fwo        |
| 3      | sa         |
| 4      | bǔ         |
| 5      | nǎ         |
| 6      | nǎ khì     |
| 7      | nǎ fwo     |
| 8      | nǎ sa      |
| 9      | nǎ bǔ      |
| 10     | ljá        |
| 11     | ljá khì    |
| 12     | ljá fwo    |
| 13     | ljá sa     |
| 14     | ljá bǔ     |
| 15     | ljá nǎ     |
| 16     | ljá nǎ khì |
| 17     | ljá nǎ fwo |
| 18     | ljá nǎ sa  |
| 19     | ljá nǎ bǔ  |
| 20     | fwo lja    |
| 100    | sǎ         |
| 1000   | hwèn       |
| 1048   | hwèn khan sǎ bǔ lja nǎ sa |
| 10000  | mǎ         |

10000 is a very big number already.  In daily speech this number is synonymous
with infinity.  The next big word is *cwé*, 1000000000000 (trillion) if you
really insist.

### Quantifier

- several, few: ní
- many: fjè
- plenty: mǎ mǎ
- all: khǎ

## Preposition

- in, at
- on, above
- under, below
- to
- from
- with
- of
- between

## Conjunction

Conjunctions are words that connects two phrases to form some logical
connection between them.  Two conjunctions in a pair can switch place. Ones
inside the parentheses in the below list can be omitted.

- because… so…
- though… but…
- (either)… or…
- (neither)… nor…
- (both)… and…
- … in order to…

## Particles
### Modal

- imperative mood:
- interrogative mood:
- possibility:
- acceptability:
- certainty:
- uncertainty:
- admiration:
- pity:

### Adverbial

Adverbial particles indicates tenses and aspects.

- future:
- past:
- continuous:
- perfective:
- perfect:

M src/writing.md => src/writing.md +27 -0
@@ 1,1 1,28 @@
# Writing

DjanZi writing system is logographic. Simple words are purely pictograms, but
more complex or abstract words are expressed with ideograms and phonograms,
based on the pictograms, similar to how it's done in Chinese.

## Pictograms

Pictograms are characters representing an object or idea by how it's
visualized.

## Ideograms

Ideograms are characters composing two or three pictograms to suggest a
concept, usually hard to visualize.  Each pictogram is called a radical.

The radicals are placed horizontally in ideograms with ratio 1:1, 1:2, or
1:1:2.

## Phonograms

Phonograms are characters based on its synonyms.  All phonograms are indicated
with the character (mouth) on the left, with ratio 1:2.

Some phonograms also consists of semantic component.  This semantic component
occupy the top of the right part of the character (if this semantic component
has one radical) or the bottom of the character (if this semantic component has
two or more radicals)