~hrbrmstr/daybreak

daybreak/src/sunriset.h -rw-r--r-- 4.8 KiB
efb76800hrbrmstr README 1 year, 7 months ago
                                                                                
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/*

SUNRISET.H - computes Sun rise/set times, start/end of twilight, and
             the length of the day at any date and latitude

Written as DAYLEN.C, 1989-08-16

Modified to SUNRISET.C, 1992-12-01
Split to a header file, 2017-12-10, by Joachim Nilsson

(c) Paul Schlyter, 1989, 1992

Released to the public domain by Paul Schlyter, December 1992

*/

/* A macro to compute the number of days elapsed since 2000 Jan 0.0 */
/* (which is equal to 1999 Dec 31, 0h UT)                           */

#define days_since_2000_Jan_0(y,m,d) \
    (367L*(y)-((7*((y)+(((m)+9)/12)))/4)+((275*(m))/9)+(d)-730530L)

/* Some conversion factors between radians and degrees */

#ifndef PI
 #define PI        3.1415926535897932384
#endif

#define RADEG     ( 180.0 / PI )
#define DEGRAD    ( PI / 180.0 )

/* The trigonometric functions in degrees */

#define sind(x)  sin((x)*DEGRAD)
#define cosd(x)  cos((x)*DEGRAD)
#define tand(x)  tan((x)*DEGRAD)

#define atand(x)    (RADEG*atan(x))
#define asind(x)    (RADEG*asin(x))
#define acosd(x)    (RADEG*acos(x))
#define atan2d(y,x) (RADEG*atan2(y,x))


/* Following are some macros around the "workhorse" function __daylen__ */
/* They mainly fill in the desired values for the reference altitude    */
/* below the horizon, and also selects whether this altitude should     */
/* refer to the Sun's center or its upper limb.                         */


/* This macro computes the length of the day, from sunrise to sunset. */
/* Sunrise/set is considered to occur when the Sun's upper limb is    */
/* 35 arc minutes below the horizon (this accounts for the refraction */
/* of the Earth's atmosphere).                                        */
#define day_length(year,month,day,lon,lat)  \
        __daylen__( year, month, day, lon, lat, -35.0/60.0, 1 )

/* This macro computes the length of the day, including civil twilight. */
/* Civil twilight starts/ends when the Sun's center is 6 degrees below  */
/* the horizon.                                                         */
#define day_civil_twilight_length(year,month,day,lon,lat)  \
        __daylen__( year, month, day, lon, lat, -6.0, 0 )

/* This macro computes the length of the day, incl. nautical twilight.  */
/* Nautical twilight starts/ends when the Sun's center is 12 degrees    */
/* below the horizon.                                                   */
#define day_nautical_twilight_length(year,month,day,lon,lat)  \
        __daylen__( year, month, day, lon, lat, -12.0, 0 )

/* This macro computes the length of the day, incl. astronomical twilight. */
/* Astronomical twilight starts/ends when the Sun's center is 18 degrees   */
/* below the horizon.                                                      */
#define day_astronomical_twilight_length(year,month,day,lon,lat)  \
        __daylen__( year, month, day, lon, lat, -18.0, 0 )


/* This macro computes times for sunrise/sunset.                      */
/* Sunrise/set is considered to occur when the Sun's upper limb is    */
/* 35 arc minutes below the horizon (this accounts for the refraction */
/* of the Earth's atmosphere).                                        */
#define sun_rise_set(year,month,day,lon,lat,rise,set)  \
        __sunriset__( year, month, day, lon, lat, -35.0/60.0, 1, rise, set )

/* This macro computes the start and end times of civil twilight.       */
/* Civil twilight starts/ends when the Sun's center is 6 degrees below  */
/* the horizon.                                                         */
#define civil_twilight(year,month,day,lon,lat,start,end)  \
        __sunriset__( year, month, day, lon, lat, -6.0, 0, start, end )

/* This macro computes the start and end times of nautical twilight.    */
/* Nautical twilight starts/ends when the Sun's center is 12 degrees    */
/* below the horizon.                                                   */
#define nautical_twilight(year,month,day,lon,lat,start,end)  \
        __sunriset__( year, month, day, lon, lat, -12.0, 0, start, end )

/* This macro computes the start and end times of astronomical twilight.   */
/* Astronomical twilight starts/ends when the Sun's center is 18 degrees   */
/* below the horizon.                                                      */
#define astronomical_twilight(year,month,day,lon,lat,start,end)  \
        __sunriset__( year, month, day, lon, lat, -18.0, 0, start, end )


/* Function prototypes */

double __daylen__( int year, int month, int day, double lon, double lat,
                   double altit, int upper_limb );

int __sunriset__( int year, int month, int day, double lon, double lat,
                  double altit, int upper_limb, double *rise, double *set );

void sunpos( double d, double *lon, double *r );

void sun_RA_dec( double d, double *RA, double *dec, double *r );

double revolution( double x );

double rev180( double x );

double GMST0( double d );