ref: 64b499b5cd234200e96933468b10c80f4f9d578b vpn-documentation/DEPLOY_DEBIAN.md -rw-r--r-- 5.0 KiB
64b499b5François Kooman list CentOS dev dependencies 5 months ago

#title: Deploying on Debian description: Install and Maintain eduVPN/Let's Connect! on Debian category: installation

For simple one server deployments and tests, we have a deploy script available you can run on a fresh Debian 9, 10 or 11 installation. It will configure all components and will be ready for use after running!

Additional scripts are available after deployment:

  • Use Let's Encrypt for automatic web server certificate management;


  • Clean Debian 9, 10 or 11 installation with all updates installed;
  • Have a STATIC IPv4 and IPv6 address configured on your external interface;
  • Network equipment/VM platform allows access to the very least tcp/80, tcp/443, udp/1194 and tcp/1194 for basic functionality, the deploy script will take care of the host firewall;
  • Working DNS entry for your VPN server, e.g. vpn.example.org.

We test only with the official Debian netinst and the official Cloud images.

If you have a more complicated setup, we recommend to manually walk through the deploy script and follow the steps.

NOTE if you expect to do a production deploy, please read the section below about modifying the PHP configuration.

#Base Deploy

Perform these steps on the host where you want to deploy:

$ sudo apt -y install ca-certificates wget
$ wget https://github.com/eduvpn/documentation/archive/v2.tar.gz
$ tar -xzf v2.tar.gz
$ cd documentation-2

We assume you have sudo installed and configured for your user first, after this:

$ sudo -s
# ./deploy_debian.sh

Specify the hostname you want to use for your VPN server. The recommended hostname SHOULD already be the one you want to use... If not, set the hostname correctly first.

NOTE: you can NOT use localhost as a hostname, nor an IP address!

NOTE: by default there is NO firewall for the traffic between VPN client and VPN server. So if you have SSH running on your server, the clients will be able to connect to it when you don't take additional steps! Look here.





See PROFILE_CONFIG on how to update the VPN server settings.


#Username & Password

By default there is a user demo and admin with a generated password for portal access. Those are printed at the end of the deploy script.

If you want to update/add users you can use the vpn-user-portal-add-user. Provide an existing account to update the password:

$ sudo -u www-data vpn-user-portal-add-user
User ID: foo
Setting password for user "foo"
Password (repeat): 

You can configure which user(s) is/are an administrator by setting the adminUserIdList option in /etc/vpn-user-portal/config.php, e.g.:

'adminUserIdList' => ['admin'],

It is easy to enable LDAP authentication. This is documented separately. See LDAP.


It is easy to enable RADIUS authentication. This is documented separately. See RADIUS.


It is easy to enable SAML authentication for identity federations, this is documented separately. See SAML.


It is possible to enable 2FA with TOTP.


If you want to restrict the use of the VPN a bit more than on whether someone has an account or not, e.g. to limit certain profiles to certain (groups of) users, see ACL.


Debian's PHP package has some unfortunate defaults that only work for very light usage and in no way for deploys where you expect more than a few users to use the service.

Modify /etc/php/7.0/fpm/pool.d/www.conf (Debian 9), /etc/php/7.3/fpm/pool.d/www.conf (Debian 10) or /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/www.conf (Debian 11) and change the following settings. We'll use the CentOS/Fedora defaults here as well:

pm = dynamic
pm.max_children = 50
pm.start_servers = 5
pm.min_spare_servers = 5
pm.max_spare_servers = 35

You can tweak those further if needed, but they'll do for some time! Restart the PHP service to activate the changes:

$ sudo systemctl restart php$(/usr/sbin/phpquery -V)-fpm


#Web Server Certificates

By default a self-signed certificate is used for the web server. You can install your own certificates, and tweak /etc/apache2/sites-available/vpn.example.org.conf to point to them, or use Let's Encrypt using the script mentioned below.

#Let's Encrypt

Run the script (as root) from the documentation folder:

$ sudo -s
# ./lets_encrypt_debian.sh

Make sure you use the exact same DNS name you used when running deploy_debian.sh!

After completing the script, the certificate will be installed. It is set to automatically renew when necessary and gracefully reload Apache after the certificate has been replaced.

#Port Sharing

If you also want to allow clients to connect with the VPN over tcp/443, see Port Sharing.