ref: 86b231ca287a08b75745f2dcc47e90c768397b72 gio/cmd/gio/androidbuild.go -rw-r--r-- 14.8 KiB View raw
                                                                                
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Unlicense OR MIT

package main

import (
	"archive/zip"
	"errors"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"io/ioutil"
	"os"
	"os/exec"
	"path/filepath"
	"runtime"
	"strconv"
	"strings"

	"golang.org/x/sync/errgroup"
)

type androidTools struct {
	buildtools string
	androidjar string
}

// zip.Writer with a sticky error.
type zipWriter struct {
	err error
	w   *zip.Writer
}

// Writer that saves any errors.
type errWriter struct {
	w   io.Writer
	err *error
}

func buildAndroid(tmpDir string, bi *buildInfo) error {
	sdk := os.Getenv("ANDROID_HOME")
	if sdk == "" {
		return errors.New("please set ANDROID_HOME to the Android SDK path")
	}
	if _, err := os.Stat(sdk); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	platform, err := latestPlatform(sdk)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	buildtools, err := latestTools(sdk)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	tools := &androidTools{
		buildtools: buildtools,
		androidjar: filepath.Join(platform, "android.jar"),
	}
	if err := compileAndroid(tmpDir, tools, bi); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	switch *buildMode {
	case "archive":
		return archiveAndroid(tmpDir, bi)
	case "exe":
		if err := exeAndroid(tmpDir, tools, bi); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		return signAPK(tmpDir, tools, bi)
	default:
		panic("unreachable")
	}
}

func compileAndroid(tmpDir string, tools *androidTools, bi *buildInfo) (err error) {
	androidHome := os.Getenv("ANDROID_HOME")
	if androidHome == "" {
		return errors.New("ANDROID_HOME is not set. Please point it to the root of the Android SDK")
	}
	ndkRoot := filepath.Join(androidHome, "ndk-bundle")
	if _, err := os.Stat(ndkRoot); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("no NDK found in $ANDROID_HOME/ndk-bundle (%s). Use `sdkmanager ndk-bundle` to install it", ndkRoot)
	}
	tcRoot := filepath.Join(ndkRoot, "toolchains", "llvm", "prebuilt", archNDK())
	var builds errgroup.Group
	for _, a := range bi.archs {
		arch := allArchs[a]
		clang := filepath.Join(tcRoot, "bin", arch.clang)
		if _, err := os.Stat(clang); err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("no NDK compiler found. Please make sure you have NDK >= r19c installed. Use the command `sdkmanager ndk-bundle` to install it. Path %s", clang)
		}
		if runtime.GOOS == "windows" {
			// Because of https://github.com/android-ndk/ndk/issues/920,
			// we need NDK r19c, not just r19b. Check for the presence of
			// clang++.cmd which is only available in r19c.
			clangpp := filepath.Join(tcRoot, "bin", arch.clang+"++.cmd")
			if _, err := os.Stat(clangpp); err != nil {
				return fmt.Errorf("NDK version r19b detected, but >= r19c is required. Use the command `sdkmanager ndk-bundle` to install it")
			}
		}
		archDir := filepath.Join(tmpDir, "jni", arch.jniArch)
		if err := os.MkdirAll(archDir, 0755); err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("failed to create %q: %v", archDir, err)
		}
		libFile := filepath.Join(archDir, "libgio.so")
		cmd := exec.Command(
			"go",
			"build",
			"-ldflags=-w -s "+bi.ldflags,
			"-buildmode=c-shared",
			"-o", libFile,
			bi.pkg,
		)
		cmd.Env = append(
			os.Environ(),
			"GOOS=android",
			"GOARCH="+a,
			"CGO_ENABLED=1",
			"CC="+clang,
			"CGO_CFLAGS=-Werror",
		)
		builds.Go(func() error {
			_, err := runCmd(cmd)
			return err
		})
	}
	appDir, err := runCmd(exec.Command("go", "list", "-f", "{{.Dir}}", "gioui.org/ui/app"))
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	javaFiles, err := filepath.Glob(filepath.Join(appDir, "*.java"))
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	if len(javaFiles) > 0 {
		classes := filepath.Join(tmpDir, "classes")
		if err := os.MkdirAll(classes, 0755); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		javac := exec.Command(
			"javac",
			"-target", "1.8",
			"-source", "1.8",
			"-sourcepath", appDir,
			"-bootclasspath", tools.androidjar,
			"-d", classes,
		)
		javac.Args = append(javac.Args, javaFiles...)
		builds.Go(func() error {
			_, err := runCmd(javac)
			return err
		})
	}
	return builds.Wait()
}

func archiveAndroid(tmpDir string, bi *buildInfo) (err error) {
	aarFile := *destPath
	if aarFile == "" {
		aarFile = fmt.Sprintf("%s.aar", bi.name)
	}
	if filepath.Ext(aarFile) != ".aar" {
		return fmt.Errorf("the specified output %q does not end in '.aar'", aarFile)
	}
	aar, err := os.Create(aarFile)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer func() {
		if cerr := aar.Close(); err == nil {
			err = cerr
		}
	}()
	aarw := newZipWriter(aar)
	defer aarw.Close()
	aarw.Create("R.txt")
	aarw.Create("res/")
	manifest := aarw.Create("AndroidManifest.xml")
	manifest.Write([]byte(`<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" package="org.gioui.app">
	<uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="16"/>
	<uses-feature android:glEsVersion="0x00030000" android:required="true" />
</manifest>`))
	proguard := aarw.Create("proguard.txt")
	proguard.Write([]byte(`-keep class org.gioui.** { *; }`))

	for _, a := range bi.archs {
		arch := allArchs[a]
		libFile := filepath.Join("jni", arch.jniArch, "libgio.so")
		aarw.Add(filepath.ToSlash(libFile), filepath.Join(tmpDir, libFile))
	}
	classes := filepath.Join(tmpDir, "classes")
	if _, err := os.Stat(classes); err == nil {
		jarFile := filepath.Join(tmpDir, "classes.jar")
		if err := writeJar(jarFile, classes); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		aarw.Add("classes.jar", jarFile)
	}
	return aarw.Close()
}

func exeAndroid(tmpDir string, tools *androidTools, bi *buildInfo) (err error) {
	if bi.appID == "" {
		return errors.New("app id is empty; use -appid to set it")
	}
	classes := filepath.Join(tmpDir, "classes")
	var classFiles []string
	err = filepath.Walk(classes, func(path string, f os.FileInfo, err error) error {
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if filepath.Ext(path) == ".class" {
			classFiles = append(classFiles, path)
		}
		return nil
	})
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	apkDir := filepath.Join(tmpDir, "apk")
	if err := os.MkdirAll(apkDir, 0755); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	if len(classFiles) > 0 {
		d8 := exec.Command(
			filepath.Join(tools.buildtools, "d8"),
			"--classpath", tools.androidjar,
			"--output", apkDir,
		)
		d8.Args = append(d8.Args, classFiles...)
		if _, err := runCmd(d8); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}

	// Compile resources.
	resDir := filepath.Join(tmpDir, "res")
	valDir := filepath.Join(resDir, "values")
	v21Dir := filepath.Join(resDir, "values-v21")
	for _, dir := range []string{valDir, v21Dir} {
		if err := os.MkdirAll(dir, 0755); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}
	icon := filepath.Join(bi.dir, "appicon.png")
	iconSnip := ""
	if _, err := os.Stat(icon); err == nil {
		err := buildIcons(resDir, icon, []iconVariant{
			{path: filepath.Join("mipmap-hdpi", "ic_launcher.png"), size: 72},
			{path: filepath.Join("mipmap-xhdpi", "ic_launcher.png"), size: 96},
			{path: filepath.Join("mipmap-xxhdpi", "ic_launcher.png"), size: 144},
			{path: filepath.Join("mipmap-xxxhdpi", "ic_launcher.png"), size: 192},
		})
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		iconSnip = `android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"`
	}
	themes := `<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
	<style name="Theme.GioApp" parent="android:style/Theme.NoTitleBar">
	</style>
</resources>`
	err = ioutil.WriteFile(filepath.Join(valDir, "themes.xml"), []byte(themes), 0660)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	themesV21 := `<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
	<style name="Theme.GioApp" parent="android:style/Theme.NoTitleBar">
		<item name="android:windowDrawsSystemBarBackgrounds">true</item>
		<item name="android:navigationBarColor">#40000000</item>
		<item name="android:statusBarColor">#40000000</item>
	</style>
</resources>`
	err = ioutil.WriteFile(filepath.Join(v21Dir, "themes.xml"), []byte(themesV21), 0660)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	resZip := filepath.Join(tmpDir, "resources.zip")
	aapt2 := filepath.Join(tools.buildtools, "aapt2")
	_, err = runCmd(exec.Command(
		aapt2,
		"compile",
		"-o", resZip,
		"--dir", resDir))
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	// Link APK.
	appName := strings.Title(bi.name)
	manifestSrc := fmt.Sprintf(`<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
	package="%s"
	android:versionCode="%d"
	android:versionName="1.0.%d">
	<uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="16" android:targetSdkVersion="28" />
	<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
	<uses-feature android:glEsVersion="0x00030000"/>
	<application %s android:label="%s">
		<activity android:name="org.gioui.GioActivity"
			android:label="%s"
			android:theme="@style/Theme.GioApp"
			android:configChanges="orientation|keyboardHidden"
			android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustResize">
			<intent-filter>
				<action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
				<category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
			</intent-filter>
		</activity>
	</application>
</manifest>`, bi.appID, bi.version, bi.version, iconSnip, appName, appName)
	manifest := filepath.Join(tmpDir, "AndroidManifest.xml")
	if err := ioutil.WriteFile(manifest, []byte(manifestSrc), 0660); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	tmpapk := filepath.Join(tmpDir, "link.apk")
	link := exec.Command(
		aapt2,
		"link",
		"--manifest", manifest,
		"-I", tools.androidjar,
		"-o", tmpapk,
		resZip,
	)
	if _, err := runCmd(link); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	// The Go standard library archive/zip doesn't support appending to zip
	// files. Unpack the apk from aapt2 and re-zip its contents along with
	// classes.dex and the Go libraries.
	if err := unzip(apkDir, tmpapk); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	tmpApk := filepath.Join(tmpDir, "app.ap_")
	ap_, err := os.Create(tmpApk)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer func() {
		if cerr := ap_.Close(); err == nil {
			err = cerr
		}
	}()
	apkw := newZipWriter(ap_)
	defer apkw.Close()
	err = filepath.Walk(apkDir, func(path string, f os.FileInfo, err error) error {
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if f.IsDir() {
			return nil
		}
		zpath := path[len(apkDir)+1:]
		if filepath.Base(path) == "resources.arsc" {
			apkw.Store(zpath, path)
		} else {
			apkw.Add(zpath, path)
		}
		return nil
	})
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	for _, a := range bi.archs {
		arch := allArchs[a]
		libFile := filepath.Join(arch.jniArch, "libgio.so")
		apkw.Add(filepath.ToSlash(filepath.Join("lib", libFile)), filepath.Join(tmpDir, "jni", libFile))
	}
	return apkw.Close()
}

func signAPK(tmpDir string, tools *androidTools, bi *buildInfo) error {
	apkFile := *destPath
	if apkFile == "" {
		apkFile = fmt.Sprintf("%s.apk", bi.name)
	}
	if filepath.Ext(apkFile) != ".apk" {
		return fmt.Errorf("the specified output %q does not end in '.apk'", apkFile)
	}
	_, err := runCmd(exec.Command(
		filepath.Join(tools.buildtools, "zipalign"),
		"-f",
		"4", // 32-bit alignment.
		filepath.Join(tmpDir, "app.ap_"),
		apkFile,
	))
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	home, err := os.UserHomeDir()
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	keystore := filepath.Join(home, ".android", "debug.keystore")
	_, err = runCmd(exec.Command(
		filepath.Join(tools.buildtools, "apksigner"),
		"sign",
		"--ks-pass", "pass:android",
		"--ks", keystore,
		apkFile,
	))
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	return nil
}

func unzip(dir, zipfile string) (err error) {
	zipr, err := zip.OpenReader(zipfile)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer zipr.Close()
	for _, f := range zipr.File {
		path := filepath.Join(dir, f.Name)
		if err := os.MkdirAll(filepath.Dir(path), 0700); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		out, err := os.Create(path)
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		defer func() {
			if cerr := out.Close(); err == nil {
				err = cerr
			}
		}()
		in, err := f.Open()
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		defer in.Close()
		if _, err := io.Copy(out, in); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}
	return nil
}

func writeJar(jarFile, dir string) (err error) {
	jar, err := os.Create(jarFile)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer func() {
		if cerr := jar.Close(); err == nil {
			err = cerr
		}
	}()
	jarw := newZipWriter(jar)
	const manifestHeader = `Manifest-Version: 1.0
Created-By: 1.0 (Go)

`
	jarw.Create("META-INF/MANIFEST.MF").Write([]byte(manifestHeader))
	err = filepath.Walk(dir, func(path string, f os.FileInfo, err error) error {
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if f.IsDir() {
			return nil
		}
		if filepath.Ext(path) == ".class" {
			rel := filepath.ToSlash(path[len(dir)+1:])
			jarw.Add(rel, path)
		}
		return nil
	})
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	return jarw.Close()
}

func archNDK() string {
	if runtime.GOOS == "windows" && runtime.GOARCH == "386" {
		return "windows"
	} else {
		var arch string
		switch runtime.GOARCH {
		case "386":
			arch = "x86"
		case "amd64":
			arch = "x86_64"
		default:
			panic("unsupported GOARCH: " + runtime.GOARCH)
		}
		return runtime.GOOS + "-" + arch
	}
}

func latestPlatform(sdk string) (string, error) {
	allPlats, err := filepath.Glob(filepath.Join(sdk, "platforms", "android-*"))
	if err != nil {
		return "", err
	}
	var bestVer int
	var bestPlat string
	for _, platform := range allPlats {
		_, name := filepath.Split(platform)
		// The glob above guarantees the "android-" prefix.
		verStr := name[len("android-"):]
		ver, err := strconv.Atoi(verStr)
		if err != nil {
			continue
		}
		if ver < bestVer {
			continue
		}
		bestVer = ver
		bestPlat = platform
	}
	if bestPlat == "" {
		return "", fmt.Errorf("no platforms found in %q", sdk)
	}
	return bestPlat, nil
}

func latestTools(sdk string) (string, error) {
	allTools, err := filepath.Glob(filepath.Join(sdk, "build-tools", "*"))
	if err != nil {
		return "", err
	}
	var bestVer [3]int
	var bestTools string
loop:
	for _, tools := range allTools {
		_, name := filepath.Split(tools)
		s := strings.SplitN(name, ".", 3)
		if len(s) != len(bestVer) {
			continue
		}
		var version [3]int
		for i, v := range s {
			v, err := strconv.Atoi(v)
			if err != nil {
				continue loop
			}
			if v < bestVer[i] {
				continue loop
			}
			if v > bestVer[i] {
				break
			}
			version[i] = v
		}
		bestVer = version
		bestTools = tools
	}
	if bestTools == "" {
		return "", fmt.Errorf("no build-tools found in %q", sdk)
	}
	return bestTools, nil
}

func newZipWriter(w io.Writer) *zipWriter {
	return &zipWriter{
		w: zip.NewWriter(w),
	}
}

func (z *zipWriter) Close() error {
	err := z.w.Close()
	if z.err == nil {
		z.err = err
	}
	return z.err
}

func (z *zipWriter) Create(name string) io.Writer {
	if z.err != nil {
		return ioutil.Discard
	}
	w, err := z.w.Create(name)
	if err != nil {
		z.err = err
		return ioutil.Discard
	}
	return &errWriter{w: w, err: &z.err}
}

func (z *zipWriter) Store(name, file string) {
	z.add(name, file, false)
}

func (z *zipWriter) Add(name, file string) {
	z.add(name, file, true)
}

func (z *zipWriter) add(name, file string, compressed bool) {
	if z.err != nil {
		return
	}
	f, err := os.Open(file)
	if err != nil {
		z.err = err
		return
	}
	defer f.Close()
	fh := &zip.FileHeader{
		Name: name,
	}
	if compressed {
		fh.Method = zip.Deflate
	}
	w, err := z.w.CreateHeader(fh)
	if err != nil {
		z.err = err
		return
	}
	if _, err := io.Copy(w, f); err != nil {
		z.err = err
		return
	}
}

func (w *errWriter) Write(p []byte) (n int, err error) {
	if err := *w.err; err != nil {
		return 0, err
	}
	n, err = w.w.Write(p)
	*w.err = err
	return
}