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#Project template for rp2040-hal

This template is intended as a starting point for developing your own firmware based on the rp2040-hal.

It includes all of the knurling-rs tooling as showcased in https://github.com/knurling-rs/app-template (defmt, defmt-rtt, panic-probe, flip-link) to make development as easy as possible.

probe-run is configured as the default runner, so you can start your program as easy as

cargo run --release

If you aren't using a debugger, check out alternative runners for other options

Table of Contents

  1. Requirements
  2. Installation of development dependencies
  3. Running
  4. Alternative runners
  5. Roadmap
  6. Contributing
  7. Code of conduct
  8. License
  9. Contact


  • The standard Rust tooling (cargo, rustup) which you can install from https://rustup.rs/

  • Toolchain support for the cortex-m0+ processors in the rp2040 (thumbv6m-none-eabi)

  • flip-link - this allows you to detect stack-overflows on the first core, which is the only supported target for now.

  • probe-run. Upstream support for RP2040 was added with version 0.3.1.

  • A CMSIS-DAP probe. (J-Link and other probes will not work with probe-run)

    You can use a second Pico as a CMSIS-DAP debug probe by installing the following firmware on it: https://github.com/majbthrd/DapperMime/releases/download/20210225/raspberry_pi_pico-DapperMime.uf2

    More details on supported debug probes can be found in debug_probes.md

Installation of development dependencies

rustup target install thumbv6m-none-eabi
cargo install flip-link
# This is our suggested default 'runner'
cargo install probe-run
# If you want to use elf2uf2-rs instead of probe-run, instead do...
cargo install elf2uf2-rs --locked


For a debug build

cargo run

For a release build

cargo run --release

If you do not specify a DEFMT_LOG level, it will be set to debug. That means println!(""), info!("") and debug!("") statements will be printed. If you wish to override this, you can change it in .cargo/config.toml

DEFMT_LOG = "off"

You can also set this inline (on Linux/MacOS)

DEFMT_LOG=trace cargo run

or set the environment variable so that it applies to every cargo run call that follows:

export DEFMT_LOG=trace

Setting the DEFMT_LOG level for the current session
for bash

export DEFMT_LOG=trace

Windows users can only override DEFMT_LOG through config.toml or by setting the environment variable as a separate step before calling cargo run

  • cmd
set DEFMT_LOG=trace
  • powershell
$Env:DEFMT_LOG = trace
cargo run

Alternative runners

If you don't have a debug probe or if you want to do interactive debugging you can set up an alternative runner for cargo.

Some of the options for your runner are listed below:

  • Loading a UF2 over USB
    Step 1 - Install elf2uf2-rs:

    $ cargo install elf2uf2-rs --locked

    Step 2 - Make sure your .cargo/config contains the following

    runner = "elf2uf2-rs -d"

    The thumbv6m-none-eabi target may be replaced by the all-Arm wildcard 'cfg(all(target_arch = "arm", target_os = "none"))'.

    Step 3 - Boot your RP2040 into "USB Bootloader mode", typically by rebooting whilst holding some kind of "Boot Select" button. On Linux, you will also need to 'mount' the device, like you would a USB Thumb Drive.

    Step 4 - Use cargo run, which will compile the code and started the specified 'runner'. As the 'runner' is the elf2uf2-rs tool, it will build a UF2 file and copy it to your RP2040.

    $ cargo run --release --example pico_pwm_blink
  • Loading with picotool
    As ELF files produced by compiling Rust code are completely compatible with ELF files produced by compiling C or C++ code, you can also use the Raspberry Pi tool picotool. The only thing to be aware of is that picotool expects your ELF files to have a .elf extension, and by default Rust does not give the ELF files any extension. You can fix this by simply renaming the file.

    This means you can't easily use it as a cargo runner - yet.

    Also of note is that the special pico-sdk macros which hide information in the ELF file in a way that picotool info can read it out, are not supported in Rust. An alternative is TBC.


NOTE These packages are under active development. As such, it is likely to remain volatile until a 1.0.0 release.

See the open issues for a list of proposed features (and known issues).


Contributions are what make the open source community such an amazing place to be learn, inspire, and create. Any contributions you make are greatly appreciated.

The steps are:

  1. Fork the Project by clicking the 'Fork' button at the top of the page.
  2. Create your Feature Branch (git checkout -b feature/AmazingFeature)
  3. Make some changes to the code or documentation.
  4. Commit your Changes (git commit -m 'Add some AmazingFeature')
  5. Push to the Feature Branch (git push origin feature/AmazingFeature)
  6. Create a New Pull Request
  7. An admin will review the Pull Request and discuss any changes that may be required.
  8. Once everyone is happy, the Pull Request can be merged by an admin, and your work is part of our project!

#Code of Conduct

Contribution to this crate is organized under the terms of the Rust Code of Conduct, and the maintainer of this crate, the rp-rs team, promises to intervene to uphold that code of conduct.


The contents of this repository are dual-licensed under the MIT OR Apache 2.0 License. That means you can chose either the MIT licence or the Apache-2.0 licence when you re-use this code. See MIT or APACHE2.0 for more information on each specific licence.

Any submissions to this project (e.g. as Pull Requests) must be made available under these terms.


Raise an issue: https://github.com/rp-rs/rp2040-project-template/issues Chat to us on Matrix: #rp-rs:matrix.org