~aprates/gemini-guide-pt-br

31abf226a179925002b1bbbcea15ae0609698216 — Antonio Prates 8 months ago
Fork from geminiquickst.art at a4e2271

https://git.carcosa.net/jmcbray/geminiquickst.art/
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[submodule "themes/anubis"]
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	url = https://github.com/mitrichius/hugo-theme-anubis.git

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baseURL = "//geminiquickst.art"
languageCode = "en-us"
title = "Gemini Quickstart!"
theme = "anubis"
paginate = 10

[author]
 name = "Jason McBrayer"

[params]
author = "Jason McBrayer"
email = "jmcbray@carcosa.net"
description = "A Quick Start Guide For New Gemini Users"
dateFormat = "2021-02-08"
paginationSinglePost = true
style = "auto"
readMore = true

[menu]

  [[menu.main]]
    identifier = "about"
    name = "About"
    url = "/about/"
    weight = 1

  [[menu.main]]
    identifier = "contact"
    name = "Contact"
    url = "/contact/"
    weight = 2


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---
title: "Gemini Quickstart!"
date: 2021-02-08T14:23:27-05:00
---

# What is Gemini?

<!-- ![Gemini 7 capsule – photo by NASA](/images/599px-Gemini_6_7.jpg) -->

Gemini is a new way of using the Internet, separate from the World Wide
Web you are familiar with. Compared to the WWW, it is intended to be:

* Simpler – Gemini pages aren't programs that run in your browser like
  most modern websites are; they're just text with a little formatting,
  so there are no surprises. Once you know how one Gemini page works,
  you know how they all work.
* Human Scale – Gemini servers and clients aren't written by big,
  monopolistic software companies the way web browsers are; the DIY
  ethos of Gemini means that complete applications can be written by
  individual developers or small groups in a reasonable amount of time.
  That also means that you have more choices compared to web browsers.
* Distraction Free – Gemini pages are text-only and have simple
  typography. You can view images, watch video, or listen to music over
  Gemini, but nothing will ever autoplay, pop over what you're
  reading, or jump out of the way of your mouse.
* Privacy Protecting – Every Gemini request is independent of every
  other, so there's no way to track you between sites. Every site you
  visit is protected by the same encryption used by banking and
  eCommerce sites on the WWW.

More details are in the [Official Gemini
FAQ](https://gemini.circumlunar.space/docs/faq.html). Be aware that it's
targeted at a more technical audience than this quick start page, so you
might want to skip it for now and come back later. The main thing to
know is that you're going to get a much more stripped-down experience
compared to the modern WWW, but that's okay! Some of the choices made to
keep Gemini simple may seem too extreme, compared to even a bare-bones
web site, but there are hidden benefits that won't be obvious at first.

# How do I read pages on Gemini?

The first thing to do is to install a Gemini client. A Gemini client is
like a web browser, except instead of browsing the web, it browses
Geminispace. There are at least a couple of Gemini clients available for
most platforms. Here, I'm going to recommend just one, that I think will
feel most familiar or least surprising to new users. That doesn't mean I
think the other ones are bad. A lot of it is just personal preference,
just like with web browsers. After you get used to Gemini with the
client I recommend, you may want to try some others.

You may be used to doing everything in the web browser, and find it
strange or uncomfortable to have to install a different program to read
Gemini pages. But you'll get used to it; the WWW tries to be everything
to everyone, both a floor-wax *and* a toothpaste, while Gemini tries to
be good at just one thing.

## Windows

You have several options for a Gemini browser on Windows, but I'm
going to recommend that you install
[Geminaut](https://www.marmaladefoo.com/pages/geminaut), because of
its comfortable, Windows-native user interface. Download and run the
latest MSI file from the website. You will get a warning that the
installer isn't signed, which is because the developer is an
independent hobbyist. If you downloaded it directly from the link
above, it should be safe to "run anyway".

{{< flexrow >}}
{{< figure src="/images/GemiNaut-thumb.png"
           link="/images/GemiNaut.png"
           alt="A screenshot of GemiNaut on Windows 10"
           >}}
{{< /flexrow >}}

[Lagrange](https://git.skyjake.fi/skyjake/lagrange/releases) is
another good option – it has more features and is lightweight, but the
user interface isn't native like GemiNaut's. There is also a nightly
build of [Kristall](https://kristall.random-projects.net/).

## MacOS

There are several Gemini clients that can be built for MacOS, but the
only one I know of that provides pre-built downloads for a released
version is
[Lagrange](https://git.skyjake.fi/skyjake/lagrange/releases). That's
okay, because Lagrange is a very good browser. The UI doesn't use
native controls, but it's light and fast.

{{< flexrow >}}
{{< figure src="/images/Lagrange-MacOS-1-thumb.png"
           link="/images/Lagrange-MacOS-1.png"
           alt="A screenshot of Lagrange on MacOS" >}}
{{< figure src="/images/Lagrange-MacOS-2-thumb.png"
           link="/images/Lagrange-MacOS-2.png"
           alt="Another screenshot of Lagrange on MacOS" >}}
{{< /flexrow >}}

There may also be nightly builds of
[Kristall](https://kristall.random-projects.net/), if you're so
inclined. 

## iOS

There is one Gemini client on the app store, called
[Elaho](https://apps.apple.com/app/id1514950389). There is another one
on TestFlight called
[Rocketeer](https://testflight.apple.com/join/LAs1URxM).

{{< flexrow >}}
{{< figure src="/images/Elaho-thumb.png"
           link="/images/Elaho.png"
           alt="A screenshot of Elaho on iPhone"
           >}}
{{< /flexrow >}}

## Android

For Android, I recommend
[Ariane](https://oppen.digital/software/ariane/). The developer's site
has several different download options, but if you are at all unsure,
you should [install from Google
Play](https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=oppen.gemini.ariane). 

[Deedum](https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=ca.snoe.deedum)
is also a good client for Android, but its UI is not quite as simple.

{{< flexrow >}}
{{< figure src="/images/Ariane-thumb.png"
           link="/images/Ariane.png"
           alt="A screenshot of Ariane on Android 10" >}}
{{< figure src="/images/deedum-thumb.png"
           link="/images/deedum.png"
           alt="A screenshot of deedum on Android 10" >}}
{{< /flexrow >}}

## Linux or Unix (desktop GUI)

If you're able to compile programs from source, you are spoiled for
choice. Most Gemini clients are developed for Linux. The main GUI
choices are:

  * [Lagrange](https://git.skyjake.fi/skyjake/lagrange/releases)
  * [Kristall (QT5)](https://kristall.random-projects.net/)
  * [Castor (GTK)](https://git.sr.ht/~julienxx/castor)
  
If you need a binary release, you will probably need to install
Lagrange. [Lagrange is on
FlatHub](https://flathub.org/apps/details/fi.skyjake.Lagrange), so if
your distribution supports FlatPaks, you're in luck. There is also a
nightly AppImage of Kristall, if you prefer.

{{< flexrow >}}
{{< figure src="/images/Lagrange-linux-thumb.png"
           link="/images/Lagrange-linux.png"
           alt="A screenshot of Lagrange on Linux (sway)" >}}
{{< figure src="/images/kristall-thumb.png"
           link="/images/kristall.png"
           alt="A screenshot of kristall" >}}
{{< figure src="/images/castor-thumb.png"
           link="/images/castor.png"
           alt="A screenshot of castor, with quite an odd GTK theme" >}}
{{< /flexrow >}}

## Linux or Unix (terminal or console)

The situation here is similar to Linux GUI clients, but there are at
least two that have binary releases:

  * [Bombadillo](https://bombadillo.colorfield.space/)
  * [Amfora](https://github.com/makeworld-the-better-one/amfora)
  
If you're not sure which you want, go for Amfora; it has more familiar
keybindings than Bombadillo.

## Other

If there's no Gemini client for your platform, but there *is* a web
browser, you can use a proxy. Either
[portal.mozz.us](https://portal.mozz.us/) or
[proxy.vulpes.one](https://proxy.vulpes.one/gemini/gemini.circumlunar.space/)
should work for your needs.

You shouldn't use a proxy just because you don't want to install a
Gemini client, though! You will miss out on the experience of *not*
using the web browser.

# Where do I point my Gemini client?

By now, you should have a Gemini client installed. If you've tried to install
one, but gotten stuck, please feel free to give me an email at 
[help@geminiquickst.art](mailto:help@gemini.quickst.art). I don't mind! You can
do this next part using one of the web portals, but it would be better if you
had a real client installed.

First, open up your Gemini client, and arrange it so that you can see both the
Gemini client and the web browser you're reading this in. You should be able to
follow the rest of this tutorial *in Gemini*. In your Gemini client, open
[gemini://geminiquickst.art/](gemini://geminiquickst.art/). You may or may not
be able to click on that link from your web browser and have it open up in your
Gemini client, depending on a lot of nerd stuff that you don't have to care
about now. If it doesn't open up on click, copy and paste
`gemini://geminiquickst.art/` into your Gemini client. You should get a page
that's pretty much the same as this one, though the colors and fonts may be
different. Scroll it down until you reach this point, then read the rest of your
page in your Gemini client, rather than your web browser.

# Where do I find things to read on Gemini?

Gemini is pretty new, so like the early web, there's not as much content as
you're used to on the modern web, and too much of it is tech stuff. But there's
a lot of other stuff there too, if you're willing to look.

## Gemlogs (like blogs)

One of the main things people have been using Gemini for is blogging. And it
makes sense, because blogs are mostly text, it's easy to find updates, and the
web has made a real mess of it, where it hasn't completely abandoned it to
social media.

Several of the clients recommended above have built in feed-readers for
subscribing to gemlogs and staying informed about updates. If yours does, I
recommend that you take advantage of that feature as you find gemlogs you want
to read. It will be more flexible than depending on a feed aggregator hosted by
someone else, and easier than setting up your own feed aggregator.

But to find feeds to subscribe to, you're best off starting with an aggregator
someone else is running. This is a list of well-known public aggregators in
Geminispace.

* [CAPCOM](gemini://gemini.circumlunar.space/capcom/) is run by Solderpunk, the
  founder of the Gemini project. It knows about over 200 Gemini feeds, but picks
  100 every month to display. It's a good way of finding feeds to follow.
* [Spacewalk](gemini://rawtext.club/~sloum/spacewalk.gmi) is an aggregator that
  follows every update to the pages it follows. This makes it a little less
  accurate than CAPCOM, but can follow pages that don't announce their
  updates.
* [gmisub](gemini://calcuode.com/gmisub-aggregate.gmi) aggregates over
  100 feeds using the [Gemini simple feed
  specification](gemini://gemini.circumlunar.space/docs/companion/subscription.gmi).


## Curated directories of interesting pages by topic

Because Geminispace is a lot smaller than the web, it's still somewhat possible
to hand-curate a list of interesting sites. You may remember how Yahoo! got its
start as a curated index of links by topic.

* [Medusae.space](gemini://medusae.space/index.gmi) is an index similar to the
  old Yahoo!. You can browse by topic, or search.
* [Gemini Discovery](gemini://discovery.geminiprotocol.com/) is a
  index of search engines and indices you can use to find things
  you're interested in.

## Searching

You can also search Gemini, just like you can search the web. However,
it's not indexed by Google or Bing or DuckDuckGo; we have our own
search engines. Or rather, search engine. There have been three search
engines built for Gemini, but only one is currently active:
[Geminispace.info](gemini://geminispace.info/).

That said, search is not as important, currently, on Gemini as it
is on the WWW. Subscriptions and cross-site links are the main ways of
finding new things.

# How do I publish/share things on Gemini?

This part is a little harder, but people are busily working on making
it easier! The first thing that you should know is that there's no
direct equivalent of the WWW's social media sites on Gemini. Gemini
doesn't have a built-in method for posting things, so most people posting
on Gemini right now are using separate tools to write their pages or
posts and to upload them to a server. And that's leaving out
registering an account on the server, which is usually done manually
by the site owner! But that situation is going to get better. Right
now, there are a few Gemini sites where the "separate tools" for
registering an account and posting pages or updates are web
applications, and it's likely that someone will make an integrated
native application.

## Gemini sites with WWW applications for posting

* [The Midnight Pub](//midnight.pub/) is a hybrid Gemini site with a
  "local pub" theme. Some people post regular gemlogs, some people
  role-play the part of patrons at the pub. It's kind of a slow-paced
  social media site. Registration requires emailing the bartender to
  ask them for a key, but don't be shy – they just want to make sure
  you're not a spammer. People can subscribe to a feed of just your
  posts, or a feed of everyone at the pub.
* [Gemlog.Blue](//gemlog.blue/) is a site that makes it easy to
  maintain a gemlog. You can register on the WWW side of the site, and
  create, edit, or delete posts through the web interface, and view
  them through Gemini. People can subscribe to a feed of your posts.
* [Flounder](https://flounder.online/) is another site with a web
  application for posting. It's more general-purpose than Gemlog.Blue
  or the Midnight Pub. The registration page asks where you heard
  about Flounder, but it's really just a low-tech anti-spam
  measure. Tell them this page sent you.
  
## Gemini sites with public account signup

Shared hosting on Gemini today is pretty similar to shared hosting on
the WWW in 1999, but in general more community-oriented and
friendlier. If you think of these sites as being like GeoCities, but
without neon backgrounds and blinking "under construction" GIFs, you
won't be too far wrong.

With these sites, you will sign up, either via the web or email, and
have a space that you can access with a native graphical file transfer
application such as [FileZilla](https://filezilla-project.org/)
(Windows, MacOS, or Linux). You'll write
[Gemtext](gemini://gemini.circumlunar.space/docs/gemtext.gmi)
documents on your own computer, then copy them to your host with
Filezilla or a similar program. Some of these sites will want you to
send an SSH public key, which may sound too technical, but [Digital
Ocean](https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-use-filezilla-to-transfer-and-manage-files-securely-on-your-vps)
has a pretty good guide to using them with FileZilla. It's focused on
their own VPS service, but most of it should apply here, too.

One warning – if you're on Windows and you're not careful with how you
install Filezilla, you *may* end up with some additional bundled
software you don't want. For Windows users, I recommend
[Winscp](https://winscp.net/eng/index.php) as an alternative.

* [pollux.casa](gemini://pollux.casa/) offers free Gemini hosting on
  subdomains (like 'yourname.pollux.casa') that are also reachable by
  http. Sign-up is by email to Adële, the host, and access to your
  files is by SFTP or FTPS. Overall, this seems like one of the most
  friendly site hosting options for newcomers.
* If you are a French speaker, you might look at [Un bon
  café](gemini://unbon.cafe), a French Gemini hosting service that
  aims to be simple and use sFTP for uploading content. They also
  offer an email hosting service. The service is free.
* [koyu.space](gemini://koyu.space/info.gmi) offers free
  hosting. Unlike some of the others, your site gets automatically
  updated from a git repository you maintain, so this one is probably
  not best for non-technical people, unless you have a hankering to
  learn git.
* [SourceHut Pages](gemini://srht.site/) offers free Gemini
  hosting. Their setup is *probably* more complex than non-technical
  users will want to engage with, but it's free, and it's somewhat
  less involved than running your own Gemini server.
* [Jae's Gemini pod](gemini://g.jae.moe/free.gmi) offers free hosting,
  on a subdomain or your own domain. You'll need to send the owner a
  SSH public key, a name for your website, and the domain name or
  subdomain you want to use.
* [Main Street in Nightfall
  City](gemini://main-street.nightfall.city/real-estate/) offers
  Gemini, Gopher, and WWW hosting at the center of downtown Nightfall
  City, home of the Midnight Pub. The hosting here is a little more
  hands-on, but more flexible. You'll need an account name and SSH
  public key. The online help focuses on terminal tools, but you
  should be able to use FileZilla or similar to upload your pages.
* [si3t.ch](gemini://gmi.si3t.ch/) offers free shared hosting. Your
  capsule will have its own subdirectory. Instructions are on the
  site. 

## Pubnixes and Tildes

A pubnix is a PUBlic uNIX server, a kind of shared computer for use by
members of a community. They're usually used by logging in to a
terminal interface using an SSH (secure shell) client. That's actually
a very good way to dip your toes into the more technical side of
Gemini (and Gopher, and WWW) hosting, but it's understandable if it's
not for you. Many pubnixes offer Gemini hosting to their members.

These are a few pubnixes with Gemini hosting:

* [The Mare Crisium Soviet Socialist
  Regency](gemini://soviet.circumlunar.space)
* [The Mare Tranquillitatis People's Circumlunar
  Zaibatsu](gemini://zaibatsu.circumlunar.space)
* [The Mare Serenitatis Circumlunar Corporate Republic](gemini://republic.circumlunar.space)
* [Ctrl-C Club](gemini://gemini.ctrl-c.club)
* [envs.net](gemini://envs.net)
* [heathens.club](gemini://heathens.club)
* [Park City](gemini://park-city.club)
* [rawnix.org](gemini://rawnix.org)
* [RawTextClub](gemini://rawtext.club)
* [SDF Public Access UNIX System](gemini://sdf.org)
* [tilde.pink](gemini://tilde.pink)
  

## Self-hosting guides (here be monsters)

It's not hard, *as these things go* to set up a Gemini server on a VPS
(Virtual Private Server), a collocated server, or a Raspberry Pi in a
shoebox under the bookshelf your router sits on. However "as these
things go" covers a lot of evils. You'll generally need to be familiar
with the Unix or Linux command-line, installing software from a
distribution repository, and with compiling software from source.

I do not *yet* have any How-To documents collected for self-hosting a
Gemini server. Please let me know if you find or write one!

# Conclusion

That's it! Hopefully by this point you have found some things you want
to read on Gemini, ideally things you've subscribed to that will
keep you coming back. And if things have gone really well, you'll have
established a foothold of your on in Geminispace, and I'll be reading
something you've shared in not too long.

If any of the steps in this document were unclear or you need help for
another reason, please feel free to email
[help@geminiquickst.art](mailto:help@geminiquickst.art). 

If you see something that's missing (like a hosting site you want to
recommend), or something wrong, please mail
[info@geminiquickst.art](mailto:info@geminiquickst.art). 

Thank you for reading! See you out there!

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@@ 1,18 @@
---
title: "About"
date: 2021-04-17T15:38:51-04:00
---

# About

I wrote this page because a friend online commented that while they
had heard of Gemini, it didn't seem like there were any simple entry
points for non-technical people, at the level of "what is a Gemini
client and where do I get one?". This complaint made sense to me, and
I set about writing up such a guide, which I hope will be accessible
to most people.

I'm happy to take suggestions for changes and additions to the site by
email at
[suggestions@geminiquickst.art](mailto:suggestions@geminiquickst.art). I'm
especially interested in getting translations.

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---
title: "Contact"
date: 2021-04-17T15:39:28-04:00
---

# Contact

The best way to contact me is by email.

* General questions/comments to
  [info@geminiquickst.art](mailto:info@geminiquickst.art).
* Need help with any of the steps in this quickstart? Ask
  [help@geminiquickst.art](mailto:help@geminiquickst.art).
* Want to suggest changes or additions? Including translations?
  [suggestions@geminiquickst.art](mailto:suggestions@geminiquickst.art).

If you'd just like to buy me a coffee, you can do it at [Kofi](https://ko-fi.com/inhabitantofcarcosa).

<a href='https://ko-fi.com/D1D7QBZC' target='_blank'><img height='36' style='border:0px;height:36px;' src='https://cdn.ko-fi.com/cdn/kofi2.png?v=2' border='0' alt='Buy Me a Coffee at ko-fi.com' /></a>

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@@ 1,17 @@
# Gemini Quickstart!

=> gemini://geminiquickst.art/about/  About
=> gemini://geminiquickst.art/contact/  Contact

# About

I wrote this page because a friend online commented that while they had heard of Gemini, it didn’t seem like there were any simple entry points for non-technical people, at the level of “what is a Gemini client and where do I get one?”. This complaint made sense to me, and I set about writing up such a guide, which I hope will be accessible to most people.

I’m happy to take suggestions for changes and additions to the site by email at suggestions@geminiquickst.art. I’m especially interested in getting translations.

# 

© Jason McBrayer, 2021

[‡ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike 4.0 License]


A  => gemini/contact/index.gmi +25 -0
@@ 1,25 @@
# Gemini Quickstart!
About Contact

=> gemini://geminiquickst.art/about/  About
=> gemini://geminiquickst.art/contact/  Contact

# Contact

The best way to contact me is by email.

* General questions/comments to info@geminiquickst.art.
* Need help with any of the steps in this quickstart? Ask help@geminiquickst.art.
* Want to suggest changes or additions? Including translations? suggestions@geminiquickst.art.

If you’d just like to buy me a coffee, you can do it at Kofi.

=> https://ko-fi.com/inhabitantofcarcosa  Kofi


© Jason McBrayer, 2021

[‡ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike 4.0 License]


=> http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/  

A  => gemini/index.gmi +245 -0
@@ 1,245 @@
# Gemini Quickstart!
=> gemini://geminiquickst.art/about/  About
=> gemini://geminiquickst.art/contact/  Contact

# What is Gemini?

Gemini is a new way of using the Internet, separate from the World Wide Web you are familiar with. Compared to the WWW, it is intended to be:

* Simpler – Gemini pages aren’t programs that run in your browser like most modern websites are; they’re just text with a little formatting, so there are no surprises. Once you know how one Gemini page works, you know how they all work.
* Human Scale – Gemini servers and clients aren’t written by big, monopolistic software companies the way web browsers are; the DIY ethos of Gemini means that complete applications can be written by individual developers or small groups in a reasonable amount of time. That also means that you have more choices compared to web browsers.
* Distraction Free – Gemini pages are text-only and have simple typography. You can view images, watch video, or listen to music over Gemini, but nothing will ever autoplay, pop over what you’re reading, or jump out of the way of your mouse.
* Privacy Protecting – Every Gemini request is independent of every other, so there’s no way to track you between sites. Every site you visit is protected by the same encryption used by banking and eCommerce sites on the WWW.

More details are in the Official Gemini FAQ. Be aware that it’s targeted at a more technical audience than this quick start page, so you might want to skip it for now and come back later. The main thing to know is that you’re going to get a much more stripped-down experience compared to the modern WWW, but that’s okay! Some of the choices made to keep Gemini simple may seem too extreme, compared to even a bare-bones web site, but there are hidden benefits that won’t be obvious at first.

=> https://gemini.circumlunar.space/docs/faq.html  Official Gemini FAQ

# How do I read pages on Gemini?

The first thing to do is to install a Gemini client. A Gemini client is like a web browser, except instead of browsing the web, it browses Geminispace. There are at least a couple of Gemini clients available for most platforms. Here, I’m going to recommend just one, that I think will feel most familiar or least surprising to new users. That doesn’t mean I think the other ones are bad. A lot of it is just personal preference, just like with web browsers. After you get used to Gemini with the client I recommend, you may want to try some others.

You may be used to doing everything in the web browser, and find it strange or uncomfortable to have to install a different program to read Gemini pages. But you’ll get used to it; the WWW tries to be everything to everyone, both a floor-wax and a toothpaste, while Gemini tries to be good at just one thing.

## Windows

You have several options for a Gemini browser on Windows, but I’m going to recommend that you install Geminaut, because of its comfortable, Windows-native user interface. Download and run the latest MSI file from the website. You will get a warning that the installer isn’t signed, which is because the developer is an independent hobbyist. If you downloaded it directly from the link above, it should be safe to “run anyway”.

Lagrange is another good option – it has more features and is lightweight, but the user interface isn’t native like GemiNaut’s. There is also a nightly build of Kristall.

=> https://www.marmaladefoo.com/pages/geminaut  Geminaut
=> /images/GemiNaut.png  A screenshot of GemiNaut on Windows
=> https://git.skyjake.fi/skyjake/lagrange/releases  Lagrange
=> https://kristall.random-projects.net/  Kristall

## MacOS

There are several Gemini clients that can be built for MacOS, but the only one I know of that provides pre-built downloads for a released version is Lagrange. That’s okay, because Lagrange is a very good browser. The UI doesn’t use native controls, but it’s light and fast.

There may also be nightly builds of Kristall, if you’re so inclined.

=> https://git.skyjake.fi/skyjake/lagrange/releases  Lagrange
=> /images/Lagrange-MacOS-1.png  A screenshot of Lagrange on MacOS
=> /images/Lagrange-MacOS-2.png  Another screenshot of Lagrange on MacOS
=> https://kristall.random-projects.net/  Kristall

## iOS

There is one Gemini client on the app store, called Elaho. There is another one on TestFlight called Rocketeer.

=> https://apps.apple.com/app/id1514950389  Elaho
=> https://testflight.apple.com/join/LAs1URxM  Rocketeer
=> /images/Elaho.png  Screenshots of Elaho on iPhone

## Android

For Android, I recommend Ariane. The developer’s site has several different download options, but if you are at all unsure, you should install from Google Play.

Deedum is also a good client for Android, but its UI is not quite as simple.


=> https://oppen.digital/software/ariane/  Ariane
=> https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=oppen.gemini.ariane Ariane on Google Play
=> https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=ca.snoe.deedum  Deedum
=> /images/Ariane.png  A screenshot of Ariane on Android 10
=> /images/deedum.png  A screenshot of Deedum on Android 10

## Linux or Unix (desktop GUI)

If you’re able to compile programs from source, you are spoiled for choice. Most Gemini clients are developed for Linux. The main GUI choices are:

* Lagrange
* Kristall (QT5)
* Castor (GTK)

If you need a binary release, you will probably need to install Lagrange. Lagrange is on FlatHub, so if your distribution supports FlatPaks, you’re in luck. There is also a nightly AppImage of Kristall, if you prefer.

=> https://git.skyjake.fi/skyjake/lagrange/releases  Lagrange
=> https://kristall.random-projects.net/  Kristall (QT5)
=> https://git.sr.ht/~julienxx/castor  Castor (GTK)
=> https://flathub.org/apps/details/fi.skyjake.Lagrange  Lagrange is on FlatHub
=> /images/Lagrange-linux.png  A screenshot of Lagrange on Linux
=> /images/kristall.png  A screenshot of Kristall on Linux
=> /images/castor.png  A screenshot of Castor, with quite an odd GTK theme

## Linux or Unix (terminal or console)

The situation here is similar to Linux GUI clients, but there are at least two that have binary releases:

* Bombadillo
* Amfora

If you’re not sure which you want, go for Amfora; it has more familiar keybindings than Bombadillo.

=> https://bombadillo.colorfield.space/  Bombadillo
=> https://github.com/makeworld-the-better-one/amfora  Amfora

## Other

If there’s no Gemini client for your platform, but there is a web browser, you can use a proxy. Either portal.mozz.us or proxy.vulpes.one should work for your needs.

You shouldn’t use a proxy just because you don’t want to install a Gemini client, though! You will miss out on the experience of not using the web browser.

=> https://portal.mozz.us/  portal.mozz.us
=> https://proxy.vulpes.one/gemini/gemini.circumlunar.space/  proxy.vulpes.one

# Where do I point my Gemini client?

By now, you should have a Gemini client installed. If you’ve tried to install one, but gotten stuck, please feel free to give me an email at help@geminiquickst.art. I don’t mind! You can do this next part using one of the web portals, but it would be better if you had a real client installed.

First, open up your Gemini client, and arrange it so that you can see both the Gemini client and the web browser you’re reading this in. You should be able to follow the rest of this tutorial in Gemini. In your Gemini client, open gemini://geminiquickst.art/. You may or may not be able to click on that link from your web browser and have it open up in your Gemini client, depending on a lot of nerd stuff that you don’t have to care about now. If it doesn’t open up on click, copy and paste gemini://geminiquickst.art/ into your Gemini client. You should get a page that’s pretty much the same as this one, though the colors and fonts may be different. Scroll it down until you reach this point, then read the rest of your page in your Gemini client, rather than your web browser.

=> help@gemini.quickst.art  help@geminiquickst.art

# Where do I find things to read on Gemini?

Gemini is pretty new, so like the early web, there’s not as much content as you’re used to on the modern web, and too much of it is tech stuff. But there’s a lot of other stuff there too, if you’re willing to look.

## Gemlogs (like blogs)

One of the main things people have been using Gemini for is blogging. And it makes sense, because blogs are mostly text, it’s easy to find updates, and the web has made a real mess of it, where it hasn’t completely abandoned it to social media.

Several of the clients recommended above have built in feed-readers for subscribing to gemlogs and staying informed about updates. If yours does, I recommend that you take advantage of that feature as you find gemlogs you want to read. It will be more flexible than depending on a feed aggregator hosted by someone else, and easier than setting up your own feed aggregator.

But to find feeds to subscribe to, you’re best off starting with an aggregator someone else is running. This is a list of well-known public aggregators in Geminispace.

* CAPCOM is run by Solderpunk, the founder of the Gemini project. It knows about over 200 Gemini feeds, but picks 100 every month to display. It’s a good way of finding feeds to follow.
* Spacewalk is an aggregator that follows every update to the pages it follows. This makes it a little less accurate than CAPCOM, but can follow pages that don’t announce their updates.
* gmisub aggregates over 100 feeds using the Gemini simple feed specification.

=> gemini://gemini.circumlunar.space/capcom/  CAPCOM
=> gemini://rawtext.club/~sloum/spacewalk.gmi  Spacewalk
=> gemini://calcuode.com/gmisub-aggregate.gmi  gmisub
=> gemini://gemini.circumlunar.space/docs/companion/subscription.gmi  Gemini simple feed specification

## Curated directories of interesting pages by topic

Because Geminispace is a lot smaller than the web, it’s still somewhat possible to hand-curate a list of interesting sites. You may remember how Yahoo! got its start as a curated index of links by topic.

* Medusae.space is an index similar to the old Yahoo!. You can browse by topic, or search.
* Gemini Discovery is a index of search engines and indices you can use to find things you’re interested in.

=> gemini://medusae.space/index.gmi  Medusae.space
=> gemini://discovery.geminiprotocol.com/  Gemini Discovery

## Searching

You can also search Gemini, just like you can search the web. However, it’s not indexed by Google or Bing or DuckDuckGo; we have our own search engines. Or rather, search engine. There have been three search engines built for Gemini, but only one is currently active: Geminispace.info.

That said, search is not as important, currently, on Gemini as it is on the WWW. Subscriptions and cross-site links are the main ways of finding new things.

=> gemini://geminispace.info/  Geminispace.info

# How do I publish/share things on Gemini?

This part is a little harder, but people are busily working on making it easier! The first thing that you should know is that there’s no direct equivalent of the WWW’s social media sites on Gemini. Gemini doesn’t have a built-in method for posting things, so most people posting on Gemini right now are using separate tools to write their pages or posts and to upload them to a server. And that’s leaving out registering an account on the server, which is usually done manually by the site owner! But that situation is going to get better. Right now, there are a few Gemini sites where the “separate tools” for registering an account and posting pages or updates are web applications, and it’s likely that someone will make an integrated native application.

## Gemini sites with WWW applications for posting

* The Midnight Pub is a hybrid Gemini site with a “local pub” theme. Some people post regular gemlogs, some people role-play the part of patrons at the pub. It’s kind of a slow-paced social media site. Registration requires emailing the bartender to ask them for a key, but don’t be shy – they just want to make sure you’re not a spammer. People can subscribe to a feed of just your posts, or a feed of everyone at the pub.
* Gemlog.Blue is a site that makes it easy to maintain a gemlog. You can register on the WWW side of the site, and create, edit, or delete posts through the web interface, and view them through Gemini. People can subscribe to a feed of your posts.
* Flounder is another site with a web application for posting. It’s more general-purpose than Gemlog.Blue or the Midnight Pub. The registration page asks where you heard about Flounder, but it’s really just a low-tech anti-spam measure. Tell them this page sent you.

=> //midnight.pub/  The Midnight Pub
=> //gemlog.blue/  Gemlog.Blue
=> https://flounder.online/  Flounder

## Gemini sites with public account signup

Shared hosting on Gemini today is pretty similar to shared hosting on the WWW in 1999, but in general more community-oriented and friendlier. If you think of these sites as being like GeoCities, but without neon backgrounds and blinking “under construction” GIFs, you won’t be too far wrong.

With these sites, you will sign up, either via the web or email, and have a space that you can access with a native graphical file transfer application such as FileZilla (Windows, MacOS, or Linux). You’ll write Gemtext documents on your own computer, then copy them to your host with Filezilla or a similar program. Some of these sites will want you to send an SSH public key, which may sound too technical, but Digital Ocean has a pretty good guide to using them with FileZilla. It’s focused on their own VPS service, but most of it should apply here, too.

One warning – if you're on Windows and you're not careful with how you install Filezilla, you *may* end up with some additional bundled software you don't want. For Windows users, I recommend WinSCP as an alternative.

* pollux.casa offers free Gemini hosting on subdomains (like ‘yourname.pollux.casa’) that are also reachable by http. Sign-up is by email to Adële, the host, and access to your files is by SFTP or FTPS. Overall, this seems like one of the most friendly site hosting options for newcomers.
* If you are a French speaker, you might look at Un bon café, a French Gemini hosting service that aims to be simple and use sFTP for uploading content. They also offer an email hosting service. The service is free.
* koyu.space offers free hosting. Unlike some of the others, your site gets automatically updated from a git repository you maintain, so this one is probably not best for non-technical people, unless you have a hankering to learn git.
* SourceHut Pages offers free Gemini hosting. Their setup is probably more complex than non-technical users will want to engage with, but it’s free, and it’s somewhat less involved than running your own Gemini server.
* Jae’s Gemini pod offers free hosting, on a subdomain or your own domain. You’ll need to send the owner a SSH public key, a name for your website, and the domain name or subdomain you want to use.
* Main Street in Nightfall City offers Gemini, Gopher, and WWW hosting at the center of downtown Nightfall City, home of the Midnight Pub. The hosting here is a little more hands-on, but more flexible. You’ll need an account name and SSH public key. The online help focuses on terminal tools, but you should be able to use FileZilla or similar to upload your pages.
* si3t.ch offers free shared hosting. Your capsule will have its own subdirectory. Instructions are on the site.

=> https://filezilla-project.org/  FileZilla
=> https://winscp.net/eng/index.php WinSCP
=> gemini://gemini.circumlunar.space/docs/gemtext.gmi  Gemtext
=> https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-use-filezilla-to-transfer-and-manage-files-securely-on-your-vps  Digital Ocean
=> gemini://pollux.casa/  pollux.casa
=> gemini://unbon.cafe  Un bon café
=> gemini://koyu.space/info.gmi  koyu.space
=> gemini://srht.site/  SourceHut Pages
=> gemini://g.jae.moe/free.gmi  Jae’s Gemini pod
=> gemini://main-street.nightfall.city/real-estate/  Main Street in Nightfall City
=> gemini://gmi.si3t.ch/  si3t.ch

## Pubnixes and Tildes

A pubnix is a PUBlic uNIX server, a kind of shared computer for use by members of a community. They’re usually used by logging in to a terminal interface using an SSH (secure shell) client. That’s actually a very good way to dip your toes into the more technical side of Gemini (and Gopher, and WWW) hosting, but it’s understandable if it’s not for you. Many pubnixes offer Gemini hosting to their members.

These are a few pubnixes with Gemini hosting:

* The Mare Crisium Soviet Socialist Regency
* The Mare Tranquillitatis People’s Circumlunar Zaibatsu
* The Mare Serenitatis Circumlunar Corporate Republic
* Ctrl-C Club
* envs.net
* heathens.club
* Park City
* rawnix.org
* RawTextClub
* SDF Public Access UNIX System
* tilde.pink

=> gemini://soviet.circumlunar.space  The Mare Crisium Soviet Socialist Regency
=> gemini://zaibatsu.circumlunar.space  The Mare Tranquillitatis People’s Circumlunar Zaibatsu
=> gemini://republic.circumlunar.space  The Mare Serenitatis Circumlunar Corporate Republic
=> gemini://gemini.ctrl-c.club  Ctrl-C Club
=> gemini://envs.net  envs.net
=> gemini://heathens.club  heathens.club
=> gemini://park-city.club  Park City
=> gemini://rawnix.org  rawnix.org
=> gemini://rawtext.club  RawTextClub
=> gemini://sdf.org  SDF Public Access UNIX System
=> gemini://tilde.pink  tilde.pink

## Self-hosting guides (here be monsters)

It’s not hard, as these things go to set up a Gemini server on a VPS (Virtual Private Server), a collocated server, or a Raspberry Pi in a shoebox under the bookshelf your router sits on. However “as these things go” covers a lot of evils. You’ll generally need to be familiar with the Unix or Linux command-line, installing software from a distribution repository, and with compiling software from source.

I do not yet have any How-To documents collected for self-hosting a Gemini server. Please let me know if you find or write one!

# Conclusion

That’s it! Hopefully by this point you have found some things you want to read on Gemini, ideally things you’ve subscribed to that will keep you coming back. And if things have gone really well, you’ll have established a foothold of your on in Geminispace, and I’ll be reading something you’ve shared in not too long.

If any of the steps in this document were unclear or you need help for another reason, please feel free to email help@geminiquickst.art.

If you see something that’s missing (like a hosting site you want to recommend), or something wrong, please mail info@geminiquickst.art.

Thank you for reading! See you out there!

© Jason McBrayer, 2021

[‡ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike 4.0 License]

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